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Old 10-21-2010, 07:39 PM   #16
dynamiclc
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yancek:

I'm back! (Oh, thank you Markus, I'll talk to you later.) yancek, I've cleaned up all the E (download) partition, remember I have 3 partitions: C D and E, C the Windows Xp, D the software, E empty now. So I'll go check the "$ sudo fdisk -l" as you told me before. Wait a moment.

Cong
 
Old 10-21-2010, 07:50 PM   #17
dynamiclc
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ubuntu@ubuntu:~$ sudo fdisk -l

Disk /dev/sda: 60.0 GB, 60011642880 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 7296 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disk identifier: 0xbf5fbf5f

Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System
/dev/sda1 * 1 1275 10241406 7 HPFS/NTFS
/dev/sda2 1276 6903 45206910 f W95 Ext'd (LBA)
/dev/sda5 1276 1915 5140768+ 7 HPFS/NTFS
/dev/sda6 1916 6903 40066078+ 7 HPFS/NTFS
ubuntu@ubuntu:~$
========================

yancek, here it is. What can I do now? I want a dual system with Ubuntu and Windows XP. Thank you!

Cong
 
Old 10-21-2010, 09:39 PM   #18
yancek
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sda1 should be your xp partition, sda2 is the Extended partition which has no data but is just a container for your logical partitions, sda5 and sda6. Based on information you posted earlier, I would expect that sda6 would be the empty partition corresponding to your windows E partition. You can verify this (if it an empty partition?) by mounting it with your Ubuntu Live CD. To do that, you could boot the Ubuntu CD and open a terminal and run the following commands:

sudo mkdir /mnt/sda6 (hit the enter key, this will create a sub-directory in the /mnt directory to mount the sda6 partition so you can check to see if there are any files there)

Next step is to mount: sudo mount -t ext4 /dev/sda6 /mnt/sda6
After the above command, you should be able to use the file manager to see if you have anything on the partition or use the terminal and run the command: ls /mnt/sda6. If that partition is empty as you say, you should not see any results. If it has files, you will need to repeat the process for sda5.

Installing Ubuntu should be quite simple. You place the Ubuntu CD in the drive, make sure your BIOS is set to boot first from CD drive and follow the prompts. Generally takes about 30 minutes if you have no problems. During the installation, you should be informed by the Ubuntu installer where it will install system files so note where your xp files are so you don't install over them. You will also need to format to a filesystem that works with Linux. Ntfs as you have on all your partitions will not work. This will also be part of the installation process and you should have the option of which filesystem to select.

If you have any other questions, post back.
 
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Old 10-22-2010, 04:56 AM   #19
EDDY1
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Explore 2fs reads linux, I think it copies and drags also. I didn't install but used as an open file.
 
Old 10-22-2010, 08:27 AM   #20
dynamiclc
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Which filesystem under Linux is better?
Both the sda5 and sda6 are empty list, I'm quite comfused. But it doesn't matter if there's something wrong with Windows XP, I can live without Windows XP. Linux is enough. However it would be convenient now and in near future that Windows XP is still there.

Thank you, yancek!
 
Old 10-22-2010, 10:51 AM   #21
yancek
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Quote:
Both the sda5 and sda6 are empty list, I'm quite comfused
My mistake on the filesystem type. You said earlier that you had some data from windows on D:\ partition which would probably be the sda5 partition so repeat the commands changing the filesystem type to ntfs from the ext4 I suggested in my last post. ntfs is the windows filesystem and if you have data on one of these partitions, it should show after doing the commands below.

Quote:
Boot the Ubuntu CD and open a terminal and run the following commands:

sudo mkdir /mnt/sda6 (hit the enter key, this will create a sub-directory in the /mnt directory to mount the sda6 partition so you can check to see if there are any files there)

As to which filesystem is best, I guess that is a matter of opinion/choice. Most Linux systems use ext3 as it works well, has been around for a long time and is stable. Newer systems use ext4 which I believe is what the default is for Ubuntu.



Next step is to mount: sudo mount -t ntfs /dev/sda6 /mnt/sda6
After the above command, you should be able to use the file manager to see if you have anything on the partition or use the terminal and run the command: ls /mnt/sda6. If that partition is empty as you say, you should not see any results. If it has files, you will need to repeat the process for sda5.
You still have data on one of these partitions?
 
Old 10-22-2010, 10:53 AM   #22
yancek
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Quote:
Both the sda5 and sda6 are empty list, I'm quite comfused
My mistake on the filesystem type. You said earlier that you had some data from windows on D:\ partition which would probably be the sda5 partition so repeat the commands changing the filesystem type to ntfs from the ext4 I suggested in my last post. ntfs is the windows filesystem and if you have data on one of these partitions, it should show after doing the commands below.

Quote:
Boot the Ubuntu CD and open a terminal and run the following commands:

sudo mkdir /mnt/sda6 (hit the enter key, this will create a sub-directory in the /mnt directory to mount the sda6 partition so you can check to see if there are any files there)




Next step is to mount: sudo mount -t ntfs /dev/sda6 /mnt/sda6
After the above command, you should be able to use the file manager to see if you have anything on the partition or use the terminal and run the command: ls /mnt/sda6. If that partition is empty as you say, you should not see any results. If it has files, you will need to repeat the process for sda5.
You still have data on one of these partitions?

As to which filesystem is best, I guess that is a matter of opinion/choice. Most Linux systems use ext3 as it works well, has been around for a long time and is stable. Newer systems use ext4 which I believe is what the default is for Ubuntu.
 
Old 10-22-2010, 08:30 PM   #23
dynamiclc
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How to let Ubuntu recognize microphone?

I install Ubuntu 10.04 English 32bit version today. 30GiB disk(with another 30GiB free, I newly deleted the Windows there, but don't know how to merge them into Ubuntu)

I can hear audio output. But I can't use my microphone well, I don't know how come. I unmuted the setting in "Sound Preferences -> Input", but still there's problem.

I just want to make a Skype phone call to my family members, please help me! Thank you!

Cong
 
Old 10-23-2010, 02:44 AM   #24
Nabeel
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Quote:
Originally Posted by dynamiclc View Post
How to let Ubuntu recognize microphone?

I install Ubuntu 10.04 English 32bit version today. 30GiB disk(with another 30GiB free, I newly deleted the Windows there, but don't know how to merge them into Ubuntu)

I can hear audio output. But I can't use my microphone well, I don't know how come. I unmuted the setting in "Sound Preferences -> Input", but still there's problem.

I just want to make a Skype phone call to my family members, please help me! Thank you!

Cong

Try opening the sound preferances,(Right click the speaker in the taskbar,You should see it in the menu)Go to input and make sure that the device for sound input is selected and is the right one,then try changing the options in the connector menu(You should do all this while the Microphone is plugged in)& keep talking in the Microphone so you will know when it is detected





And for using Pirated Windows along Ubuntu Try "Virtual box Emulator" from Oracle.And Install windows as a virtual system,,,Or more like an application,,,, With it
 
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Old 10-23-2010, 02:51 AM   #25
Nabeel
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And do take a look at this Manual for Ubuntu 10.04

Last edited by Nabeel; 10-23-2010 at 06:31 AM.
 
Old 10-23-2010, 12:05 PM   #26
dynamiclc
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there's only one device in the " sound preferences -> input " option: Internal Audio Analog Stereo. I have no other choices to choose from.

And in Skype, there's only "Options -> Sound Devices -> Microphone: PulseAudio server (local) " I have no other choices to choose from.

I've deleted my windows files, because I cannot get access into it anymore.

Thank you!
 
Old 10-23-2010, 03:08 PM   #27
Nabeel
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Try different options from connector menu in sound preferences,and keep talking in your microphone during the procedure,the Input level will notify you if it is detected.
 
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Old 10-23-2010, 06:34 PM   #28
dynamiclc
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Nabeel, no, it doesn't help. Still don't recognize mic.

Thank you!
 
Old 10-23-2010, 08:28 PM   #29
vyver
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Quote:
Originally Posted by yancek View Post
I'm not sure I understand your question. You have xp only now and want to install Ubuntu? If that's the case, you download the correct isoimage from the Ubuntu site, burn it as an image, put the CD in the drive and boot from the CD and begin the installation. Ubuntu bootloader should detect your xp and put an entry in the boot menu so you have the option to boot xp or Ubuntu.

I don't use Ubuntu but my understanding is that gnome is the default and you should have it with the installation.

I would suggest you read some tutorials on installing Ubuntu before proceeding so you will be somewhat familiar with it before beginning. Just google install Ubuntu and you should get a number of hits.
I installed the Ubuntu 10.04(Lucid Lynx) exactly as Yancek mentioned, EXCEPT THAT I USED A DVD-R INSTEAD OF A CD (READ SOMEWHERE THAT DVDS ARE BETTER).YOU CAN TRY THAT!(SORRY FOR THE BOLD TYPE! ONLY FOR EMPHASIS!)
 
Old 10-23-2010, 08:35 PM   #30
vyver
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Dynamiclc,
Did you delete the Win.XP and installed Lucid Lynx?You should have tried the yancek method in his first reply!Anyway, those waters have already flown under the bridge!Best wishes!
vyver.
 
  


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