Yes, no and maybe.
You could actually run some distros of linux on a free virtual machine and keep W10. Ram is limiting you there a bit.
You might be able to install Ubuntu LTS 14 or 16 using secure boot uefi mode if you made some room on your internal drive.
Most likely you can run a legacy bios set up also of a few distros. Just have to change back and forth in bios to boot.
You should be able to make a fast usb with some linux on it to boot off the usb.
The issues one faces is secure boot, goofy uefi implementation, some instances where hardware is only available in uefi. Then you might get common issues like video and wifi and sound. Usually they can all be working on that model.