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Old 09-22-2009, 01:18 PM   #1
mbanwi
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Registered: Jul 2009
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can't acess share on samba


hi,
i install centos on my server machine, after having configured samba, i log in from a windows machine, i am unable to acess my own home directory and the shared directory on samba.
can anybody help?
 
Old 09-22-2009, 01:59 PM   #2
j_jerry
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possibly due to firewall. Try disabling firewall and confirm it, then you can put an exception for samba in firewall
 
Old 09-22-2009, 05:13 PM   #3
pentode
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Did you add Samba users?

So you can see the directory but cannot access it, or you can't see it?
 
Old 09-22-2009, 07:56 PM   #4
gankoji
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If your firewall is not the issue, then pls post your smb.conf so we can all have a look-see :-).
 
Old 09-23-2009, 09:50 AM   #5
mbanwi
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my firewall is disabled. here is my smb.conf file.

[root@appdev ~]# cat /etc/samba/smb.conf
# This is the main Samba configuration file. You should read the
# smb.conf(5) manual page in order to understand the options listed
# here. Samba has a huge number of configurable options (perhaps too
# many!) most of which are not shown in this example
#
# For a step to step guide on installing, configuring and using samba,
# read the Samba-HOWTO-Collection. This may be obtained from:
# http://www.samba.org/samba/docs/Samb...Collection.pdf
#
# Many working examples of smb.conf files can be found in the
# Samba-Guide which is generated daily and can be downloaded from:
# http://www.samba.org/samba/docs/Samba-Guide.pdf
#
# Any line which starts with a ; (semi-colon) or a # (hash)
# is a comment and is ignored. In this example we will use a #
# for commentry and a ; for parts of the config file that you
# may wish to enable
#
# NOTE: Whenever you modify this file you should run the command "testparm"
# to check that you have not made any basic syntactic errors.
#
#---------------
# SELINUX NOTES:
#
# If you want to use the useradd/groupadd family of binaries please run:
# setsebool -P samba_domain_controller on
#
# If you want to share home directories via samba please run:
# setsebool -P samba_enable_home_dirs on
#
# If you create a new directory you want to share you should mark it as
# "samba-share_t" so that selinux will let you write into it.
# Make sure not to do that on system directories as they may already have
# been marked with othe SELinux labels.
#
# Use ls -ldZ /path to see which context a directory has
#
# Set labels only on directories you created!
# To set a label use the following: chcon -t samba_share_t /path
#
# If you need to share a system created directory you can use one of the
# following (read-only/read-write):
# setsebool -P samba_export_all_ro on
# or
# setsebool -P samba_export_all_rw on
#
# If you want to run scripts (preexec/root prexec/print command/...) please
# put them into the /var/lib/samba/scripts directory so that smbd will be
# allowed to run them.
# Make sure you COPY them and not MOVE them so that the right SELinux context
# is applied, to check all is ok use restorecon -R -v /var/lib/samba/scripts
#
#--------------
#
#======================= Global Settings =====================================

[global]

# ----------------------- Network Related Options -------------------------
#
# workgroup = NT-Domain-Name or Workgroup-Name, eg: MIDEARTH
#
# server string is the equivalent of the NT Description field
#
# netbios name can be used to specify a server name not tied to the hostname
#
# Interfaces lets you configure Samba to use multiple interfaces
# If you have multiple network interfaces then you can list the ones
# you want to listen on (never omit localhost)
#
# Hosts Allow/Hosts Deny lets you restrict who can connect, and you can
# specifiy it as a per share option as well
#
workgroup = MYGROUP
server string = Samba Server Version %v

; netbios name = MYSERVER

; interfaces = lo eth0 192.168.12.2/24 192.168.13.2/24
; hosts allow = 127. 192.168.12. 192.168.13.

# --------------------------- Logging Options -----------------------------
#
# Log File let you specify where to put logs and how to split them up.
#
# Max Log Size let you specify the max size log files should reach

# logs split per machine
; log file = /var/log/samba/%m.log
# max 50KB per log file, then rotate
; max log size = 50

# ----------------------- Standalone Server Options ------------------------
#
# Security can be set to user, share(deprecated) or server(deprecated)
#
# Backend to store user information in. New installations should
# use either tdbsam or ldapsam. smbpasswd is available for backwards
# compatibility. tdbsam requires no further configuration.

security = user
passdb backend = tdbsam


# ----------------------- Domain Members Options ------------------------
#
# Security must be set to domain or ads
#
# Use the realm option only with security = ads
# Specifies the Active Directory realm the host is part of
#
# Backend to store user information in. New installations should
# use either tdbsam or ldapsam. smbpasswd is available for backwards
# compatibility. tdbsam requires no further configuration.
#
# Use password server option only with security = server or if you can't
# use the DNS to locate Domain Controllers
# The argument list may include:
# password server = My_PDC_Name [My_BDC_Name] [My_Next_BDC_Name]
# or to auto-locate the domain controller/s
# password server = *


; security = domain
; passdb backend = tdbsam
; realm = MY_REALM

; password server = <NT-Server-Name>

# ----------------------- Domain Controller Options ------------------------
#
# Security must be set to user for domain controllers
#
# Backend to store user information in. New installations should
# use either tdbsam or ldapsam. smbpasswd is available for backwards
# compatibility. tdbsam requires no further configuration.
#
# Domain Master specifies Samba to be the Domain Master Browser. This
# allows Samba to collate browse lists between subnets. Don't use this
# if you already have a Windows NT domain controller doing this job
#
# Domain Logons let Samba be a domain logon server for Windows workstations.
#
# Logon Scrpit let yuou specify a script to be run at login time on the client
# You need to provide it in a share called NETLOGON
#
# Logon Path let you specify where user profiles are stored (UNC path)
#
# Various scripts can be used on a domain controller or stand-alone
# machine to add or delete corresponding unix accounts
#
; security = user
; passdb backend = tdbsam

; domain master = yes
; domain logons = yes

# the login script name depends on the machine name
; logon script = %m.bat
# the login script name depends on the unix user used
; logon script = %u.bat
; logon path = \\%L\Profiles\%u
# disables profiles support by specifing an empty path
; logon path =

; add user script = /usr/sbin/useradd "%u" -n -g users
; add group script = /usr/sbin/groupadd "%g"
; add machine script = /usr/sbin/useradd -n -c "Workstation (%u)" -M -d /nohome -s /bin/false "%u"
; delete user script = /usr/sbin/userdel "%u"
; delete user from group script = /usr/sbin/userdel "%u" "%g"
; delete group script = /usr/sbin/groupdel "%g"


# ----------------------- Browser Control Options ----------------------------
#
# set local master to no if you don't want Samba to become a master
# browser on your network. Otherwise the normal election rules apply
#
# OS Level determines the precedence of this server in master browser
# elections. The default value should be reasonable
#
# Preferred Master causes Samba to force a local browser election on startup
# and gives it a slightly higher chance of winning the election
; local master = no
; os level = 33
; preferred master = yes

#----------------------------- Name Resolution -------------------------------
# Windows Internet Name Serving Support Section:
# Note: Samba can be either a WINS Server, or a WINS Client, but NOT both
#
# - WINS Support: Tells the NMBD component of Samba to enable it's WINS Server
#
# - WINS Server: Tells the NMBD components of Samba to be a WINS Client
#
# - WINS Proxy: Tells Samba to answer name resolution queries on
# behalf of a non WINS capable client, for this to work there must be
# at least one WINS Server on the network. The default is NO.
#
# DNS Proxy - tells Samba whether or not to try to resolve NetBIOS names
# via DNS nslookups.

; wins support = yes
; wins server = w.x.y.z
; wins proxy = yes

; dns proxy = yes

# --------------------------- Printing Options -----------------------------
#
# Load Printers let you load automatically the list of printers rather
# than setting them up individually
#
# Cups Options let you pass the cups libs custom options, setting it to raw
# for example will let you use drivers on your Windows clients
#
# Printcap Name let you specify an alternative printcap file
#
# You can choose a non default printing system using the Printing option

load printers = yes
cups options = raw

; printcap name = /etc/printcap
#obtain list of printers automatically on SystemV
; printcap name = lpstat
; printing = cups

# --------------------------- Filesystem Options ---------------------------
#
# The following options can be uncommented if the filesystem supports
# Extended Attributes and they are enabled (usually by the mount option
# user_xattr). Thess options will let the admin store the DOS attributes
# in an EA and make samba not mess with the permission bits.
#
# Note: these options can also be set just per share, setting them in global
# makes them the default for all shares

; map archive = no
; map hidden = no
; map read only = no
; map system = no
; store dos attributes = yes


#============================ Share Definitions ==============================

[homes]
comment = Home Directories
browseable = no
writable = yes
; valid users = %S
; valid users = MYDOMAIN\%S

[printers]
comment = All Printers
path = /var/spool/samba
browseable = no
guest ok = yes
writable = no
printable = yes

# Un-comment the following and create the netlogon directory for Domain Logons
; [netlogon]
; comment = Network Logon Service
; path = /var/lib/samba/netlogon
; guest ok = yes
; writable = no
; share modes = no


# Un-comment the following to provide a specific roving profile share
# the default is to use the user's home directory
; [Profiles]
; path = /var/lib/samba/profiles
; browseable = no
; guest ok = yes


# A publicly accessible directory, but read only, except for people in
# the "staff" group
; [public]
; comment = Public Stuff
; path = /home/samba
; public = yes
; writable = yes
; printable = no
; write list = +staff
[shared]
comment = Public Stuff
path = /shared
public = yes
writable = yes
printable = no
valid users = @ppp
directory mode = 777
creat mode = 777
 
Old 09-23-2009, 10:12 AM   #6
JamesChamberlain
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Location: Wirral, UK
Distribution: Red Hat Enterprise Linux / Fedora 11
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Have you added a user to use the samba share?

Create the new user on your os first:

useradd -d /home/james -s /bin/bash -n james

Setup Password:

passwd james
*enter new pass*
*confirm pass*

Give new user a samba login pass:

smbpasswd -a james
*enter smb pass*
*confirm smb pass*


Goto your windows box and point your run window to your ip of your linux machine running smb.

Finally login with newly created samba credentials.

Permissions for the samba user should be read, write and execute. Assuming that's what u want ..

Ah sorry, dont forget to recycle the samba services:

/etc/rc.d/init.d/smb restart

or kill -1 smb process for a hup restart

Last edited by JamesChamberlain; 09-23-2009 at 10:17 AM.
 
Old 09-23-2009, 01:22 PM   #7
gankoji
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Registered: Nov 2007
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@James Chamberlain: Well said. that command might also be
Code:
root@yourbox:/# /etc/rc.d/rc.samba restart
on systems with the rc style init scripts. You should only need to use the smbpasswd utility if you are using samba with more recent versions of windows, and have chosen to use encrypted passwords. The smb.conf looks fine to me, so your best bet is to follow the user advice above.
 
Old 09-23-2009, 01:27 PM   #8
JamesChamberlain
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@gankoji

Thanks dude,

And indeed it might be, so thanks for confirming the other possibility of command.

mbanwi please let us know how you get on!
 
Old 10-18-2009, 07:25 AM   #9
rn8849
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Registered: Mar 2007
Posts: 19

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Quote:
Originally Posted by JamesChamberlain View Post
Goto your windows box and point your run window to your ip of your linux machine running smb.

Finally login with newly created samba credentials.
This seems closely related to a post I just made about SELinux.

Would you please elaborate on what you mean by "point your run window to your ip of your linux machine?" Is it as simple as typing in the ip and pressing enter?

Thanks, Gary
 
Old 10-18-2009, 08:00 AM   #10
divyashree
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Quote:
Originally Posted by mbanwi View Post
hi,
i install centos on my server machine, after having configured samba, i log in from a windows machine, i am unable to acess my own home directory and the shared directory on samba.
can anybody help?
You applied the selinux policy to samba configuration or not,try these ...
Code:
setsebool -P allow_smbd_anon_write=1
              setsebool -P samba_enable_home_dirs 1
              setsebool -P use_samba_home_dirs 1
              setsebool -P smbd_disable_trans 1
Then restart samba and go on..

Last edited by divyashree; 10-18-2009 at 08:02 AM.
 
Old 10-18-2009, 08:34 PM   #11
chrism01
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As it says in the main comments, any line starting with ';' is commented out settings
Code:
; interfaces = lo eth0 192.168.12.2/24 192.168.13.2/24
; hosts allow = 127. 192.168.12. 192.168.13.
you may want to enable those after editing them to match your lan.
 
  


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