I am not sure what happened here, and I find it oddly disturbing that a Putty session from Window could do this, but here is what I did -
I was attempting to open a ssh redirect session from Putty command line on my W7 work PC to my home PC running Ubuntu 14.04. I've done this before with the Putty GUI and had no issues at all, but this time I was using cmd line and it never did connect. I ran this command:
putty -ssh -D 1080 -P 22 domain.com
The Putty window opened but never connected. I tried twice and when it didn't connect, I gave up and went back to the GUI. I connected with the GUI just fine, but after connecting an SSH session to my Ubuntu server at home, I noticed it was acting odd.
Long story short: It was in a "read-only" mode, saying the file system was read-only. I couldn't run apt-get update or even create a new folder in my Home folder or desktop. I remotely rebooted the machine and it never came back online.
When I got home I checked it, and it told me that Ubuntu had found some errors, and was asking if I wanted to correct them. I said yes and it took a short while, but then finally let me log back in.
After this, the box is about 90-95% back to normal except for a couple of odd things that I don't understand.
The main issue is that my Samba shared drives are no longer working. The fstab file looks the same and can connect to other machines, but nothing can connect back to the Ubuntu box. The folder permissions are correct also. I have a CentOS7 box, a Fedora laptop and a W7 box - none of them can connect to my Ubuntu box. I only run Samba and connect with it, even from Linux boxes, just to make it simple (since Windows is stupid and can't use NFS) - this has always worked in the past. Now for the life of me, I can't figure out why nothing will connect.
Is there a logfile or trouble-shooter I could look at it see what happened? It should be in /var/log somewhere, but I don't know where to start. SSH? Samba? The entire filesystem was read-only for a short while, so is there a FS or System log in /var/log?
I am kinda confused on this one, any help is appreciated.