(Hopefully you've got some command line knowledge..)
So the question is on how to install software on linux, well that's a doozy!
This really depends on how the software is packaged. There are files which are known as "tarballs" that usually end with the extension .tar.gz (In linux file extensions are pretty much worthless, but seem to follow a pattern for the most part). These files are tarballed together (.tar) and then compressed (.gz) so you'll need to untar and uncompress them. In the gui there are several tools to do this. I prefer ark as my gui choice. However, I usually run in command line, and here's how to untar/unzip a file in the command line:
tar xvzf filename.tar.gz
This will create a directory filename You will now need to "change directories" into this new directory with:
To list the files/directories in any given directory use the command 'ls'
Now you are in the directory. There is usually an included README and INSTALL file with most packages. Go ahead and read them (or have them read to you rather) and follow the directions. Many times (but not always) there is a set of commands that can be typed to get these types of packages installed (if you don't wish to read the README and INSTALL files) it's:
make install has to be run as the root user, this is the system admin that should only be used when installing software or making tweaks on the system, not to be used as the daily user. To switch to the root user use the command:
Then enter roots password.
Now other types of packages you may come across:
RPM's are packages that are [usually] precompiled and just need to be installed and have their dependencies taken care of. To install an RPM you can (in the gui) usually just double click it, or open up a package manager such as kpackage and install with that. The command line tool is:
rpm -ivh filename.rpm
filename.bin is as close as I've seen to something resembling a win installer file. You need to make it executable with:
chmod a+x filename.bin
And then execute it with:
These are VERY vague instructions, but hopefully will give you some idea on how to get the ball rolling per se. You may also want to check out the tutorial over at www.linux.org
and also read up on a few of the links in my sig for more help. Also the search function on this site is amazing:
And also check out:
Good Luck linuxing, and Welcome to LQ