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If your asking if you can use 1 filesystem to install both Linux and Windows, then No. That does not exist. Modern Linux distros use ext3 or ext4 while Windows XP onward usually uses NTFS.
Since modern distros can now read & write to NTFS, this not a big issue anymore. If you want a shared partition that can be accessed from both Windows and Linux, then the best choice is still FAT32.(called vfat in Linux)
Beware though as FAT32 is not fault tolerant & has file size limitations.
It is possible to have Linux installed on the same filesystem as Windows. ZipSlack is an excellent example of this - as it used the UMSDOS filesystem which allowed it to coexist on the same partition as Windows. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ZipSlack
However, UMSDOS is an old technology that is not being supported in the newer kernels. The best filesystem depends on how you plan on using it and which OS you plan on spending most of your time in. Both ongte and kellemes bring up good topics.
Last edited by lukav; 12-23-2009 at 03:50 PM.
Reason: make it more clear that UMSDOS is old!
but sir this is usb hard drive that i carry data sometime on windows and sometime on linux. the main problem it has some problem. from windows i can format as ntfs using windows xp etc. from linux i can use any linux partition format like ext2,ext3.
i try all above mention tools it provide read only.
using windows, as linux partition i can copy from usb drive to harddisk. but vice versa not possible due to no write access.
so i was looking what possible best option i should use for both. the next fat32 does not support also 120 gb usb hard drive for formatting.
gparted help to partition and it never identify what is wrong with your harddisk and it never fixed for u
I have a 250GB Drive formated in FAT32, the only limitation is an individual file cannot be larger than 2GB. Windows refused to format FAT32 on any disk larger than 40GB. This is only a limit imposed by the Windows Disk Management. You can use fdisk/parted/gparted in Linux to create and format FAT32 partitions of any size up to 2TB.
The kernel ntfs driver is read-only. That said, any distro released in the last 2 years will include ntfs-3g, which enables NTFS read/write. So it should not be a problem for you to format the disk as NTFS in windows & use it seamlessly in Linux. (Assuming you are running a modern up-to-date distro)