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Old 09-27-2004, 02:41 AM   #1
lionelx
LQ Newbie
 
Registered: Sep 2004
Posts: 9

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Basic questions on LinuX


Hiya guys,

having problems trying to understand what is meant by swapping and mount point?trust me , i know nuts about Linux.....slow me =(

I know that swapping means moving bits and data required by the CPU to and fro from the Virtual memory and Mount points are points which programs mount onto each other?

Damn confused now about this isuue...can anyone of you please kindly explain a bit of this to me. It would be greatly appreciated. +) thanks !

As well as a techincal questions. My Company PCs are windows-based(it sucks !) and i am trying to get a Linux server. The problem is , I have a standalone PC which i want to use as a Linux server to support 120 users. I have 2 40GB HDD and what type of partitioning scheme should i use? as in mount point or swap?? or both?? (CONFUSED again...)





I understand that Linux has many partitions(compared to Windows FAT32) and how much should i set the size for which partition?
/bin
/etc
/lib
/tmp
/usr/bin
/usr/man
/usr/local
/home

These are directory but does it means that they are seperate partitions too>?


I know this is very basic quesitons to you guys out there.. And i sincerely(touch my heart) need some help and explanation here..Will appreciate it very much(truly) if i can get some answers from your experts...Thank You

Yours Sincerely and Truly
Lionel (a Window User trying so hard to understand and change to Linux)
lionelx83@hotmail.com
 
Old 09-27-2004, 03:06 AM   #2
reddazz
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Registered: Nov 2003
Location: N. E. England
Distribution: Fedora, CentOS, Debian
Posts: 16,298

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Please try not to post the same questions in different threads.

Mounting is accessing a partition or device on your Linux system and usually the contents of the mounted device or partition can be accessed in a folder on your Linux system. An example would be mounting (accessing) your floppy drive (/dev/fd0) and reading the contents from the folder /mnt/floppy .
 
Old 09-27-2004, 03:17 AM   #3
aiims1777
Member
 
Registered: Oct 2003
Location: India
Distribution: Kubuntu Dapper Drake, Edgy Eft;Red Hat Linux 9 Personal Edition
Posts: 39

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Dear Lionel,
In linux, unlike windows, things like floppy disks and cd drives are not accessed straight away. Linux treats these like directories and each device must first be associated with a directory before it can be accessed . This process of association is called mounting and the directory is called a mount point. Many mount points(directories) are already defined like /mnt/floppy for /dev/fd0 (the floppy disk) and others can be created by a user, say for mounting a windows partition in linux.
About the directories in linux which you have listed, these are similar to the folders in windows. They are not separate partitions. A partition is a part of the hard disk set separately. Your entire windows system and all its files can fit onto one partition. Linux needs a minimum of two partitions. One for the operating system (the root partition) and one as a swap partiotion (to be used when your RAM is insufficient). More partitions can be made but are not a must.
The partition scheme for you would depend on whether you want to use linux alone or dual boot with windows.
 
Old 09-27-2004, 11:52 AM   #4
lionelx
LQ Newbie
 
Registered: Sep 2004
Posts: 9

Original Poster
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Sorry

Good Day Folks !

Sorry about the repeatition as i am fairly new to Forums and Linux(my god, where was i in the last 5 years? staying in the musuem playing with the morse code machine?!?!?)

Anyway thanks for all your replies ...Had understand quite a bit from all your replies and it had deepen my knowledge about Linux....deeply appreciated it*touch my heart*

Its people like you guys that make the internet such a great place to be in ...thanks a lot again so much....


Sincerely From Singapore,
Lionel Wong
 
  


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