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Old 05-26-2009, 03:55 PM   #1
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Registered: May 2009
Distribution: Fedora
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bash string matching


Hi,

I've recently added a new mail filter (bash script) to my server. Now I know this sort of thing should be taboo but I just copied and pasted the script not really understanding what it does or at least the language (bash) its written in. I've done some searching on the net to further my understanding of bash and have learned quite a bit. However, I don't understand what this comma is for:

# Are there more than $SPAMLIMIT stars in X-Spam-Level header? :
if $EGREP -q "^X-Spam-Level: \*{$SPAMLIMIT,}" < /var/tempfs/out.$$
then
# Option 1: Move high scoring messages to sideline dir so
# a human can look at them later:
# mv out.$$ $SIDELINE_DIR/`date +%Y-%m-%d_%R`-$$
# mv /var/tempfs/out.$$ /home/spam_drop/`date +%Y-%m-%d_%R`-$$

# Option 2: Divert to an alternate e-mail address:
# $SENDMAIL spamguy@localhost < /var/tempfs/out.$$

# Option 3: Delete the message
rm -f /var/tempfs/out.$$
elif $EGREP -q "^X-Spam-Level: \*{$SPAMLOW,}" < /var/tempfs/out.$$
then
# Low score
mv /var/tempfs/out.$$ /home/spam_drop/`date +%Y-%m-%d_%R`-$$
else
$SENDMAIL "$@" < /var/tempfs/out.$$
fi
...


In the line "if $EGREP -q "^X-Spam-Level: \*{$SPAMLIMIT,}" < /var/tempfs/out.$$".

Thanks in advance!
 
Old 05-26-2009, 06:50 PM   #2
Kenhelm
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Location: N. W. England
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In the extended regular expressions used by egrep
{n,}
matches n or more of the preceding item.

So if the variable $SPAMLIMIT contains an integer
\*{$SPAMLIMIT,}
will match a string of literal * at least $SPAMLIMIT long.

e.g.
\*{4,} matches ***** but does not match ***

http://linux.die.net/man/1/egrep
 
Old 05-26-2009, 07:27 PM   #3
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Thanks! I should have been looking for egrep syntax. I'm such a noob.
 
  


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