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Old 02-12-2010, 11:52 AM   #1
bluewind
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Question awk, sed find and replace recursively from files


Hi all,

I am new to linux as well as awk, grep or sed.
I need a find and replace command single liner or script that loops trough input file (file1) and find the particular input in file2 and add "!" in front of the found string.

Example:

input file: file1

g+h=o+p
a+b=c+d


file2 (file that need to look for)

a+b=c+d 1e105
x+y=z+s 5e105
g+h=o+p abcdefg
t+r=w+q xvyderf


Output file (file3 should look like this)

!a+b=c+d 1e105
x+y=z+s 5e105
!g+h=o+p abcdefg
t+r=w+q xvyderf


I have tried many awk and sed method of find and replce but it did not work the way I wanted. This is mainly due to my lack of experience in awk and sed.

The program should loop trough file1 and find in file2 and output in file3 for the 1st (g+h=o+p) set then repeat the same process again for set 2 (a+b=c+d).

Thaks in advance. I really appreciate any suggestion...
 
Old 02-12-2010, 12:00 PM   #2
rweaver
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Awk would be more suited to this particular task than Sed in my opinion, however are you limited to those applications or can you use something like a bash script or perl also?
 
Old 02-12-2010, 12:04 PM   #3
jschiwal
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Look at grep's -f option to locate the files containing patterns listed in a pattern file. This will generate a list of files to be edited.
This looks like a homework question. You should provide what you have tried if you want further help.

Last edited by jschiwal; 02-12-2010 at 12:06 PM.
 
Old 02-12-2010, 12:07 PM   #4
pixellany
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This looks like a homework assignment...

Please show us the code that you have tried---also, what books or reference materials are you using?

Here's a big hint:

Code:
while read line; do
  sed "/$line/s<<fill in the details>>" file2
done < file1
This reads one line at a time from file 1 and assigns it to the variable "line". It then looks for the content of that variable in file2. If it is found, then it invokes the sed "s" command. (You will fill in the actual code where is have <<fill in the details>>.

Test first with just this---when it is working, then you can add another re-direction operator to write to file 3.
 
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Old 02-12-2010, 12:08 PM   #5
pixellany
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"HOMEWORK LOCK"

There's no specific rule about this, but I am **requesting** that noone simply supply the answer--at least until the OP responds.
 
Old 02-12-2010, 12:34 PM   #6
bluewind
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Hi all,

I tried this command but did not work one of the method i tried is:

diff file1 file2 | sed '/^[0-9][0-9]*/d; s/^. //; /^---$/d' > file3

here I created file1 the input file
!g+h=o+p
!a+b=c+d‎‪

the file2 (the looked for file)

a+b=c+d 1e105
x+y=z+s 5e105
g+h=o+p abcdefg
t+r=w+q xvyderf

This gives combination of file 1 and 2 like thisutput file3

a+b=c+d 1e105
x+y=z+s 5e105
g+h=o+p abcdefg
t+r=w+q xvyderf
!g+h=o+p
!a+b=c+d‎‪


At the moment I am using the reference from this forum and this links

http://www.ibm.com/developerworks/li...ry/l-sed2.html
http://forums.devshed.com/unix-help-...-a-146179.html
http://www.brunolinux.com/02-The_Ter..._with_Sed.html
http://www.gnu.org/software/gawk/man...ml#Very-Simple
http://www.grymoire.com/Unix/Sed.html#uh-8

I will try the hint suggested by pixellany.And post updates asap. Ill take some time to test the suggested hints because I am really new to this and takes time to understand the command itself.

Thank you in advance
 
Old 02-12-2010, 12:36 PM   #7
bluewind
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Quote:
Originally Posted by rweaver View Post
Awk would be more suited to this particular task than Sed in my opinion, however are you limited to those applications or can you use something like a bash script or perl also?

I can use bash script, I have never tried perl before.

Thanks
 
Old 02-12-2010, 01:05 PM   #8
jschiwal
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Another approach could be to use sed on file1 to create the sed script to use on the file(s).

You haven't approached how to locate the file or files needing to be edited.
 
Old 02-12-2010, 11:54 PM   #9
bluewind
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Quote:
Originally Posted by jschiwal View Post
Another approach could be to use sed on file1 to create the sed script to use on the file(s).

You haven't approached how to locate the file or files needing to be edited.

I am not sure how to use sed to create sed script, Ill find out soon : )

The files need to be edited i know the location and the file name are this sufficient? I dont have hundreds of files to be edited but I have hundreds of data to be edited in a single file.
 
Old 02-13-2010, 12:02 AM   #10
bluewind
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Hi all,

Thanks for your guides so far. And pixellany I tried the hint you gave and it is really helpful.
This the code I edited and the output I am getting"

The code are:

#!/bin/sh

while read line; do
sed "/$line/s/$line/!$line/g" file2
done < file1


Test-1 Example:

input file: file1

g+h=o+p
a+b=c+d


file2 (file that need to look for)

a+b=c+d 1e105
x+y=z+s 5e105
g+h=o+p abcdefg
t+r=w+q xvyderf

Output (what I am getting from this command)

a+b=c+d 1e105
x+y=z+s 5e105
!g+h=o+p abcdefg
t+r=w+q xvyderf

!a+b=c+d 1e105
x+y=z+s 5e105
g+h=o+p abcdefg
t+r=w+q xvyderf

By using this command I am getting the output looping the same number of time as number of lines in the input file. Why is such? Right now I am still not very sure how to solve it.

And this is what the output should look like.

!a+b=c+d 1e105
x+y=z+s 5e105
!g+h=o+p abcdefg
t+r=w+q xvyderf


Thanks in advance.
 
Old 02-13-2010, 01:25 AM   #11
bluewind
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Hi All,

I managed to get the output as wanted. Thanks to everyone especially pixellany. Your code really helpful.

This is the code I have modified to get the desired output:

#!/bin/sh

while read line; do
sed "/$line/s/$line/!$line/g" file2 >tempfile.tmp
mv tempfile.tmp file2
done < file1

Hence I get this output

!a+b=c+d 1e105
x+y=z+s 5e105
!g+h=o+p abcdefg
t+r=w+q xvyderf

Thanks again
 
Old 02-13-2010, 11:32 AM   #12
jschiwal
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Your program will run sed for each line of input in file1.

Each time you run it you are running it on the same input file instead of saving what was done so far.

My idea is to use sed to process file1 to create a sed program.

sed '...' file1 >process.sed

This should produce these lines given your specific example:
s/g+h=o+p/!g+h=o+p/
s/a+b=c+d/!a+b=c+d/

Then you would run:
sed -f process.sed file2 >file3

There will be as many lines in process.sed as in your file1 file. If some lines in file1 are repeated, you could use "sort file1 | uniq" to eliminate redundancy.

I have left out the sed command I used to process your input file "file1".

I have used this technique at work to generate a script to delete files from a list of names (without the extension). There are sometimes up to 2000 files I need to delete from about 60 devices. Doing this using a graphical interface would take forever.

One script I make is run in Cygwin/X to delete files in a shared directory on a Windows server. Another is a script I upload to a number of devices. These devices have a custom OS so the command lines are different. I just need to produce the list and then convert it to each style of script.
So your example isn't a far fetched one. You may find it useful in the future.

Last edited by jschiwal; 02-13-2010 at 11:35 AM.
 
Old 02-13-2010, 11:49 AM   #13
pixellany
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blue*;
I really like your attitude---you are picking up on things without us having to do the whole thing for you. You'd be amazed how many newcomers here can't seem to grab the ball and run with as you are. Keep it up, and you'll be an LQ guru in no time....
 
Old 02-13-2010, 12:07 PM   #14
jschiwal
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pixellany. I whole heartedly agree. I didn't dare supply more info because I feared he might get mad not being able to do it himself!

Somehow, I was responding to his second to last post.

Last edited by jschiwal; 02-13-2010 at 12:11 PM.
 
Old 02-13-2010, 02:36 PM   #15
bluewind
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Hi All,

Firstly thanks pixellany and jschiwal for your encouragement.

And secondly I am currently trying the method suggested by jschiwal I will update here asap once i tried with that method. From the first glance i think it might solve the problem i am having right now [not sure yet ].

Anyway, thirdly, I just reliased that my input file (i.e file1) has metacharacters in it. The location of the metacharacters varies. So I have a mixed up input file1 that look like this:

file1

a+b=c+d 1e105
g+h=o+p abcdefg
rev/ 0.35 / h 35/
h2 / 20 / he / ar

file2

a+b=c+d 1e105
x+y=z+s 5e105
g+h=o+p abcdefg
t+r=w+q xvyderf
rev/ 0.35 / h 35/
h2 / 20 / he / ar

and my output should look like this as mentioned before

!a+b=c+d 1e105
x+y=z+s 5e105
!g+h=o+p abcdefg
t+r=w+q xvyderf
!rev/ 0.35 / h 35/
!h2 / 20 / he / ar

So the problem here is that when this "/" thing comes into the picture i am getting this error when i use previously posted command.

sed: -e expression #1, char 7: unknown command: `3'
sed: -e expression #1, char 7: unknown command: `3'
sed: -e expression #1, char 59: unknown command: `F'
sed: -e expression #1, char 11: extra characters after command

Hence I tried other method such as including "",'',and /\ but all did not work. I reffered websites get the sed manual. But the problem is that most of the example is to find singular thing in multiple files. eg s/samba/Mamba/g. SO they know what they looking for and where will the metacharacter will be present but this not for my case.


Example of failed method:
#!/bin/sh

while read line; do
sed "/$line/"s/"'$line'"/"'!$line'"/g file2
done < file1

Example2
#!/bin/sh

while read line; do
sed "#$line#s#$line\/#!$line\/#g" file2
done < file1

Example 3 [even tried this method but not enough experience I guess ]

#!/bin/sh

while read line; do
sed {
if ( $line !=rev, $line !=Low, $line !=troe ) then
"/$line/s/$line/!$line/g" file2
else "#$line#s#$line\#!$line\#g" file2
fi
done < file1

For the problem I notice is that I need the "" for the sed to able to lacate the line and if i introduce '' it is disabled hence it cant locate the line to replace. How could I have the both option ON such that it can locate the line and reads the line as whole thing (h2 / 20 / he / ar) by ignoring "/"?

Thanks in advance
 
  


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