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Old 06-18-2008, 03:57 PM   #1
XeroXer
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Location: Västerås, Sweden
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Question Apache2 - Limit visitors access based on URL


Hi there.

Have been having some problems with my server lately and thought that now was a good time to solve the problems.

I use the folder /var/www/ as my base web folder, in there I have a folder named default (/var/www/default/) which is the main page that visitors see.
Most people visit the site through the IP (for now: 123.123.123.123) and is then via a .php file sent to 123.123.123.123/default/ .
This works fine except that I also have folders called mine (/var/www/mine/), else (/var/www/else/) and global (/var/www/global/) and I don't want people to be able to visit them through the ip like this 123.123.123.123/global/ .

I only want visitors to be able to see these folders page if coming from a certain URL (global.example.com) and not the IP.
I have it so that the visit through the URL is handled by a VirtualHost rule and sent to the right place, what i can't seem to fix is the problem with the IP still sending the visitor to the subfolder.

If anyone understands what I mean and can help me please do so


-----


I also have a problem with the user for apache2. Standard is set to www-data and group www-data but this causes problems when uploading files via a web form, because then when I ssh in as my user I have no rights to the files.
Can I somehow set a different user for certain VirtualHosts or maybe just change the main apache2 user to my own account, or will this cause any problems along the way?
 
Old 06-18-2008, 05:01 PM   #2
Mr. C.
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Create an empty directory in /var/www, let's call it empty, and set your DocumentRoot in your httpd.conf file to /var/www/empty.

Then, all hits to your site for which you do not have a VirtualHost will be directed to the empty directory /var/www/empty.

Setup your VirtualHosts for each of your other directories as you need.

About your permissions question: add your user id as a member of the www-data group and make the web files group writable. Thus, you as a user will be able to write files with www-data group ownership.
 
Old 06-18-2008, 07:11 PM   #3
kenoshi
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If you don't want to change DocumentRoot, use virtual hosts in conjunction with mod_rewrite.

For example, redirect:

123.123.123.123/global
123.123.123.123/else
123.123.123.123/mine

To

123.123.123.123/default

Hope this helps.
 
Old 06-18-2008, 08:43 PM   #4
Mr. C.
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Hmmmm.. mod_rewrite is well beyond the scope of most beginners.
 
Old 06-19-2008, 02:19 AM   #5
XeroXer
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Registered: Jun 2008
Location: Västerås, Sweden
Distribution: Arch Linux, Debian, Ubuntu
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Original Poster
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Mr. C. View Post
Create an empty directory in /var/www, let's call it empty, and set your DocumentRoot in your httpd.conf file to /var/www/empty.

Then, all hits to your site for which you do not have a VirtualHost will be directed to the empty directory /var/www/empty.

Setup your VirtualHosts for each of your other directories as you need.

About your permissions question: add your user id as a member of the www-data group and make the web files group writable. Thus, you as a user will be able to write files with www-data group ownership.
Thanks for the help, this worked just as I wanted. Also the permission solution solved that problem.
 
  


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