Welcome to LQ!
The problem is pretty straightforward based on what you said -- you told configure to build Apache with mod_deflate enabled, but it can't because it's missing some software you need to make mod_deflate work. As a result, configure does not finish, does not build a makefile, and you can't run make. There are a couple of things you can do:
1) live without mod_deflate
2) figure out what's missing (one or both of the zlib and zlib-devel packages maybe?) -- config.log should tell you the exact problem.
3) install Apache from RPM.
Hope this helps -- ask if something's not clear to you!