Linux - NewbieThis Linux forum is for members that are new to Linux.
Just starting out and have a question?
If it is not in the man pages or the how-to's this is the place!
Welcome to LinuxQuestions.org, a friendly and active Linux Community.
You are currently viewing LQ as a guest. By joining our community you will have the ability to post topics, receive our newsletter, use the advanced search, subscribe to threads and access many other special features. Registration is quick, simple and absolutely free. Join our community today!
Note that registered members see fewer ads, and ContentLink is completely disabled once you log in.
If you have any problems with the registration process or your account login, please contact us. If you need to reset your password, click here.
Having a problem logging in? Please visit this page to clear all LQ-related cookies.
Introduction to Linux - A Hands on Guide
This guide was created as an overview of the Linux Operating System, geared toward new users as an exploration tour and getting started guide, with exercises at the end of each chapter.
For more advanced trainees it can be a desktop reference, and a collection of the base knowledge needed to proceed with system and network administration. This book contains many real life examples derived from the author's experience as a Linux system and network administrator, trainer and consultant. They hope these examples will help you to get a better understanding of the Linux system and that you feel encouraged to try out things on your own.
Click Here to receive this Complete Guide absolutely free.
I am new to Linux, infact i have never seen how it looks like.
I use Windows XP and I am trying really hard to get a Linux installed on my machine.
I have managed to get my hands on a bootable CentOS 5.3.
However I am stuck at the stage where you need to partition your hard-drive.
Below are a few questions that I have:
1) I want to use both XP and CentOS on the same hard-drive.
Is this possible ?
2) Does CentOS support NTFS file system ?
3) Can I install CentOS without affecting the data on my machine while i am using XP.
4) How, please ?
I know the above questions may sound quiet annoying and basic.
But I would be glad if someone could help - am very new to this and as equally keen to learn !
Thanks in advance !
There are many threads here about dual-booting, and there is a load of information on Google also.
The basic (generic) proceedure:
Backup all important data
(If necessary) re-size the existing Windows partition--create at least 10GB of empty (unpartitioned) space for Linux. Almost any partitioning tool will do this, but I would get the GParted stand-alone CD (free).
Install Linux (it will prompt you on how to create the new Linux partitions)
Install bootloader (This is typically built into the installer---and all of the better ones will automatically detect Windows and set up the dual boot.)
Another very easy way to do this is to install another hard drive. You can even use the BIOS to pick which one to boot---thus leaving the Windows drive unmodified.
Thanks a lot for your reply and those links too.
AM NOW USING CENTOS !!!
I just tried out something with my partition and lost all the data on my hard drive so there was no need for backup
So i could then use the default partition option during CentOS installation.
The data was not so crucial to my existence, so that was fine.
The best part is that I am also able to connect to the internet from CentOS (Don't know much about computing and configuration, so I am very happy about this)
A few basic probelems that i face now are....
1) I am stuck with 800 X 600 resolution - i just cannot see a higher resolution in the dropdown
2) Cannot play media - mp3 and video files
3) How to enable Wireless Connection - I used this previously on XP (I am using a wire right now to connect to my router)
I can already connect to the internet but using a wire to connect my machine to the router - I am looking to connect through Wifi.
The drivers that came with the machine are for XP and Vista, and nothing for Linux - so its more of a hardware issue than a network issue.
Also I am having a hard time trying to install applications (xmms or codecs).
I have only used Windows till now and used to the .exe method of interactive installation of applications.
Hope I am not asking for spoon feeding - I have already tried to play mp3 for 2 days now without any luck.
I have read a lot about the installation but could not understand much.
Also the screen resolution is driving me nuts - any advise ?
I just cannot see a dropdown for a higher resolution than 800 x 600 - is it drivers that need to be installed ?
CentOS is , in my opinion , not the best or easiest to use and for getting things installed.
This is because CentOS ( RHEL 5.3) is geared for THE OFFICE AND NOT FOR THE HOME USER.
It is GREAT in the office but can be a "pain in the -- you know what -- " for the home user to get media ( dvd's mp3, and games ) to install
For the very new Linux user i would recommend you install Ubuntu instead of CentOS
almost all media will play ( out of the box) without the need to install more things
For your resolution issue, you'll probably need to know what video card you're using and install the drivers for it.
I've never used CentOS so I have no idea what they use for a package manager.
Whatever it is, you may be able to install your vid drivers from there.
Right click anywhere on it and select options, then select preferences, then select the Audio I/O plugins tab.
About half way down the new window will be a caption that says Output plugin.
Just below that will be a bar that has some wording in it.
Click on the right hand side of that bar and select the ALSA plugin [hopefully CentOS uses alsa instead of oss, if not, try the oss driver].
Click apply and try your player again.
VLC has already been mentioned for a media player.
I can also recommend Xine and GXine if CentOS has it.
You may also need to install whatever codecs CentOS carries in the repository.
In Xine, almost everything is done from the right click.
As for wifi, I dunno, I don't like it or trust it, therefore refuse to use it.
The preference for installing software across the majority of Linux distributions is to stick with their repository and package manager.
CentOS being Red Hat, I would think they use a graphic package manager similar to Fedora, which still ends up being point and click, just a little longer winded than windows.
You'll learn there is a lot of reading initially with Linux until you have enough experience under your belt to cover your own needs.
You'll also learn you will have to convert Windows terminology to Linux terminology,, ie,,, XMMS is the equivalent of winamp.
If you have not run a yum update yet, then do so. If you installed 5.0 a yum update will take you to 5.3. You MAY find that the additional hardware support in 5.3 will cure your wifi issue.
On the resolution issue there are two separate places that it needs to be changed(one limits the other). System->Preferences->Screen resolution is one(the one I suspect you are seeing limited). System->Administration->Display is the second. Once you change the second you should see additional options in the first. This may require you to log out and back in before the changes become available.
With Centos you will want to look at their wiki. It lists a number of third party repos (basically required for any RH based system) that you can add to your yum repos. The reason that mp3(etc) is not in the base repo is legal reasons. Technically US based companies can be sued for not paying licensing fees, thus these features are only available from 3rd party repos(they have very few assets). For people who do not require lots of flash Centos is an excellent choice. Most of the mainstream applications are available in the repos (3rd party) and you will not have to worry about having to do a fresh install until 2012(?).
now you have ntfs support
To play mp3 avi mpg files either download vlc now like yum install vlc or install plugins for totem(default player)
you need to install gstreamer good,bad and the ugly plugins
You were right.
I initially just tried the System->Preferences-> and not System->Administration->Display
Windows is running throughout me and i thought the first one was the one where i should be looking at (preferences).
But now i do see a better resolution, though not what i want.
I can see 1024 x 768 currently which is surely better than 800 x 600.
I wish if i can change it to 1280 x 1024 - i could use this in Windows
which means my moniter does support this resolution.
I am able to see this option in the System->Administration->Display.
I select it and close it.
But when I reopen it (even after a reboot) I see it is changed back to 1024 x 768.
Is something wrong or is it just not possible ?
I use an Acer Aspire 5520 machine by the way.