As there are several partitions in the file, you have to mount a specific partition.
For this, you have to tell mount the exact position and size of the partition you want to mount. Your output tells you at which block a partition starts and when it ends. Blocks have the size 512.
E.g., if you want to mount the 5th partition which starts at 8224 and ends at 106495, so it starts at byte 8224*524=4210688 and ends at 106495*512=54525440, the size is 54525440-4210688=50314752. You can mount it like this:
mount -o loop,offset=4210688,sizelimit=50314752 VMware-VMvisor-big-3.5.0_Update_2-110271.i386.dd5 /mnt