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Smells like a homework question to me. If we answer your homework questions you will learn absolutely nothing. If you attend to your classes you should be able to answer to this (really simple) question.
I'm very surprised of your reaction. I'm a 63 years old person who needs nothing, thanks gods, for living.
I've been searching in all Linux forums for a long time. I decided to enter this forum because I liked the way you help everybody.., but I've been compelled by the staff to make a question, then I've been thinking on what to ask so as to comply..
As I'm studying now Linux without any interest except "learning", I searched a question not absolutely clear to me.
Finally: Sorry for not being capable to make good questions, sorry for my bad english, and I'll try to make it better next time, ..if there is another.
Best regards to everybody.
if you expect that people here in the forum take the time to read your question and give a good and helpful answer, I'd suggest that you take at least as much time to ask a senseful question. We're all volunteers here in the forum, if you want to test peoples knowledge with senseless questions, I'd recommend to use a paid support service.
Garriguer, I am sorry to see that your first thread got started out on the wrong foot. I do sincerely hope that you give the forum a chance. In my opinion, it really is amongst the best in the business with a lot to offer. I am also pleased to see that you have chosen to learn about Linux. Doing so will undoubtedly be a rewarding experience and one with virtually no limit to what you can learn. Unfortunately, your first post does read like a typical homework assignment asking for a quick answer. It is also near the end of the school year in most places and this usually brings an increase in these types of questions.
To answer your question, X is best modeled as a client-server, however, I recall reading that the client and server are backwards compared to what you would normally consider the client and server. This also gets into one of the fundamental philosophies of Linux: separation of mechanism from policy. This means that applications should either be designed to provide a mechanism for something OR govern the implementation details. For example, X provides a mechanism of low level display functions. The policy, i.e. how the desktop looks and functions is determined by the window manager. Using X as the back-end, providing the mechanism, you can have any number of window managers (Gnome, KDE, XFCE, Fluxbox, etc) on top of it.
There is a free book available called The Art of Unix Programming, which discusses a lot of the fundamental decisions that make Unix and by extension Linux what it is today.
I think I have to apologize, I was too rude. My only explanation for this is that your question really looked like a typical homework question, but you made clear that this is not the fact.
I hope you I was not too offending.