1&1 Linux server totally down how to recover data ?
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I don't have any experience with RAID, but AFAIK you cannot mount sda1 etc. like a normal partition, but have to use /dev/md0 and so on.
I guess it would be worth to search for a good Linux RAID HowTo or threads about that here on linuxquestions.org.
Another call to see the current setup seems to be "mdadm --detail --scan --verbose". This should give you the mdX device, for example md0 (according to the site linked above). Then you could create a mount point (it's in the link, too), for example "mkdir /mnt/raid" and call "mount /dev/md0 /mnt/raid" and hope the file system type (ext3, reiserfs, xfs etc.) will be autodetected.
If this is not enough info I would file a new thread -- it's basically mounting the RAID device I think and maybe remote copying the files (to your home machine?). With an appropriate title your chances to get the needed help are much better I think. Good luck
Sorry, no experience with that other than a simple "get <filename>" over ftp. And that probably depends on how you are connected to the box, but again, no real clue
The thing I would try is to tar (*) the files and then (if you have a telnet or ssh connection) to transfer the tar file to your local box. If you have ftp access to the server (unsecure), you could simply connect to it and do "get <filename>", that copies the tar file to your local box. If you have ssh access to the server this might be helpful: http://www.saha.ac.in/cs/www/adware/001_SecureCopy.pdf (see the section "Using FTP over SSH to transfer files"), but I have never tried this. As it seems that not many others are reading this thread now please consider posting a new thread about "copying files to local box with ssh connection" or something like this.
(*) tar: Go to the root folder "/", then do "tar cjvf name-of-archive.tar.bz2 file1-to-save file2-to-save /folder/one/to/save /folder/two/to/save" to put all files and folders in one archive file.
I only have a ssh access to the server, nothing else. The server isn't reachable via a FTP client, web or anything else but SSH (and no physical access to it of course).
So for now, as I could finally mount the disks and found what specific folders i want to backup, I just need to tar the folders and sql bases, and then find a way to send them to another server i guess (if there's no other solution to download them in local).
I had a look at your pdf file but it shows how to connect using a FTP client, not in SSH.
I also tried to tar a folder : /mnt/md7/www/vhosts/domain_name.com but it doesn't seem to work.