TCP Port 53 Open - How to enable UDP 53?
Hi all, I am setting up a new web server (a first time experience for me with a dedicated clean install) and I have my bind configs sorted - name resolution working internally and for external lookups. But domain transfer has not worked.
I suspected port 53 blocked but with nmap found it open - but that was only TCP as I eventually found after some hunting and noticing this in my secondary and external DNS server (a trusted friendly server)
[myip]#53: failed while receiving responses: permission denied
It seems that bidirectional UDP port 53 and unidirectional TCP port 53
from secondary to primary is needed to effect domain transfer and get things really running...
So how do I enable UDP port 53 on my Debian Sarge server?
I am guessing it is default closed on the firewall and being new to these security measures and configurations I don't know where to start..
I have done a bit of a search on firewalls and 53 and UDP and got some useful hints but still feel compelled to go on and ask for personal help.
I hope someone has some time to guide me through the process.
Cheers and TIA,
One word of warning: I've only dipped my toes in Debian, so I don't know all of it's little quirks. Some of this may be off in the fine detail because of that.
To keep from writing a small novel saying "if you have such-and-such, and THIS is true, then..." for every case I can think of, I'm going to describe the basic idea, and ask for more info.
Figure out whether you're running ipchains or iptables. Then figure out where your ip[chains|tables] config file is. Try /etc/init.d/iptables (or ipchains) for clues.
Look at the file. If it says it was created by a firewall script/application, and not to edit the file, believe it. Run the application, and change it that way (it should be pretty obvious in the app - not much point to writing said app, otherwise).
Find a line that says something about either dns or 53. If it's iptables (more likely) it will say something like --sport 53 or --sport dns (or --dport 53..., if it's talking about the destination). It should also have a field that says "-p tcp". That's where it tells iptables which protocol the rule is for.
Simply duplicate that line, and change the tcp to udp. You may want to add a source address (if it doesn't already have one) to limit it to just your secondary DNS server. (If the line you're duplicating is one that specifies that server, all you need to change is the protocol line.
If this isn't enough info, I need some from you:
What OS are you running? (Stock Debian, Mepis, Libranet, Xandros, Knoppix....)
Are you running ipchains or iptables?
What are the lines that pertain to DNS that you have now? (You can post the whole iptables file if it's short.)
I'd recommend visiting some used bookstores and see if you can find a book on firewalls. (If you're running iptables, make sure it covers that - it's the newer protocol, and not in the older books.) They have lots of precanned script configurations, as well as explanations of how they got them. Good for getting you something set up while you're still learning, and gives you something to learn with .
Hope this helps,
Great Advice, thanks well though out - I will get stuck into it and report back for more help :)
it might be a permissions problem on the filesystem, ie: the destination 'file' directive for your slave zone may not have correct permissions. 'su' to 'named' or 'bind' or whaterver your name daemon is running as and try to touch the destination file - this'll give you your answer pretty quick.
Doesn't sound like a firewall issue - sarge debian has a default ACCEPT rule on the iptables policies (if you've installed iptables). You won't get a permission denied error if its a firewall issue as firewalls don't know about permissions generally. (although.. there is an iptables module to do this ;)
OK Guys, thanks for the pointers...
I have taken all that on board and managed to sus out the following:
Using nmap -sU I determined that UDP 53 was open|filtered and followed that up with nmap -sU -sV and confirmed it to be open:
I couldn't find the iptables/ipchains confs at all. There is no config systems running that I know of since it is a clean debian 3.1 Kernel 2.6 install
Just found something interesting in the syslog:
Based on the fact that your logfiles show that the zone file transfer was approved (verus DENIED) from the secondary, then I would focus my efforts on the permissions problem pointed out by angrybeaver.
Hint: Are you sure the directory exists where the copy of the zone file is being stored on the secondary?
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