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Old 06-19-2005, 10:05 AM   #1
debloxie
Member
 
Registered: Jul 2003
Posts: 153

Rep: Reputation: 30
squid filedescriptors limit


Hi there,

i have a squid box running with 2.4.26 linux kernel and squid-2.5-stable3 and i wish to turn it to an ISP box with a central squid and cache box. This means more connections to the box for like over 100 clients. i want to optimize the box by increasing the file descriptors to 8192.

i went thru Henrik Nordström's Squid work -> Large filedescriptors on Linux 2.2 and later and tried the following

1. Edit /usr/include/bits/types.h to define __FD_SETSIZE to at least the amount of filedescriptors you'd like to support.

my observation: i noticed that the the __FD_SETSIZE is located at /usr/include/bits/typesizes.h and not /usr/include/bits/types.h and the defaut value is 1024, nonetheless i changed it to 8192.

2.Before configuring Squid run "ulimit -HSn 8192

my observation: the command was ok and i got 8192 when i ran nthe command ulimit -H -n

3.Configure, build and install Squid

my observation: i used the RPM version of squid and not the tar ball. squid installed perfectly

4. Make sure your script for starting Squid contains the above ulimit command to raise the filedescriptor limit. You may also need to allow a larger port span for outgoing connections (set in /proc/sys/net/ipv4/, like in "echo 1024 32768 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/ip_local_port_range")

my observation: i edited the /etc/init.d/squid and inserted the ulimit command (ulimit -HSn 8192) and echo 1024 32768 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/ip_local_port_range on a line

i then rebooted and started squid. i then used the squid cache manager portion of webmin to see the current stats of file descriptors but it was still dispaying 1024 the same as the default.

the appendix of the squid init script and types.h and typesizes.h is below

[debloxie@mail src]$ cat /etc/init.d/squid
#!/bin/bash
# squid This shell script takes care of starting and stopping
# Squid Internet Object Cache
#
# chkconfig: 345 90 25
# description: Squid - Internet Object Cache. Internet object caching is \
# a way to store requested Internet objects (i.e., data available \
# via the HTTP, FTP, and gopher protocols) on a system closer to the \
# requesting site than to the source. Web browsers can then use the \
# local Squid cache as a proxy HTTP server, reducing access time as \
# well as bandwidth consumption.
# pidfile: /var/run/squid.pid
# config: /etc/squid/squid.conf

PATH=/usr/bin:/sbin:/bin:/usr/sbin
export PATH

# Source function library.
. /etc/rc.d/init.d/functions

# Source networking configuration.
. /etc/sysconfig/network

# Check that networking is up.
[ ${NETWORKING} = "no" ] && exit 0

# check if the squid conf file is present
[ -f /etc/squid/squid.conf ] || exit 0

if [ -f /etc/sysconfig/squid ]; then
. /etc/sysconfig/squid
fi

# define descriptors and port range
ulimit -HSn 8192
echo 1024 32768 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/ip_local_port_range

# don't raise an error if the config file is incomplete
# set defaults instead:
SQUID_OPTS=${SQUID_OPTS:-"-D"}
SQUID_PIDFILE_TIMEOUT=${SQUID_PIDFILE_TIMEOUT:-20}
SQUID_SHUTDOWN_TIMEOUT=${SQUID_SHUTDOWN_TIMEOUT:-100}

# determine the name of the squid binary
[ -f /usr/sbin/squid ] && SQUID=squid
[ -z "$SQUID" ] && exit 0

prog="$SQUID"

# determine which one is the cache_swap directory
CACHE_SWAP=`sed -e 's/#.*//g' /etc/squid/squid.conf | \
grep cache_dir | awk '{ print $3 }'`
[ -z "$CACHE_SWAP" ] && CACHE_SWAP=/var/spool/squid

RETVAL=0

start() {
for adir in $CACHE_SWAP; do
if [ ! -d $adir/00 ]; then
gprintf "init_cache_dir %s... " "$adir"
$SQUID -z -F -D >> /var/log/squid/squid.out 2>&1
fi
done
gprintf "Starting %s: " "$prog"
$SQUID $SQUID_OPTS >> /var/log/squid/squid.out 2>&1
RETVAL=$?
if [ $RETVAL -eq 0 ]; then
timeout=0;
while : ; do
[ ! -f /var/run/squid.pid ] || break
if [ $timeout -ge $SQUID_PIDFILE_TIMEOUT ]; then
RETVAL=1
break
fi
sleep 1 && gprintf "."
timeout=$((timeout+1))
done
fi
[ $RETVAL -eq 0 ] && touch /var/lock/subsys/$SQUID
[ $RETVAL -eq 0 ] && echo_success
[ $RETVAL -ne 0 ] && echo_failure
echo
return $RETVAL
}

stop() {
gprintf "Stopping %s: " "$prog"
$SQUID -k check >> /var/log/squid/squid.out 2>&1
RETVAL=$?
if [ $RETVAL -eq 0 ] ; then
$SQUID -k shutdown &
rm -f /var/lock/subsys/$SQUID
timeout=0
while : ; do
[ -f /var/run/squid.pid ] || break
if [ $timeout -ge $SQUID_SHUTDOWN_TIMEOUT ]; then
echo
return 1
fi
sleep 2 && gprintf "."
timeout=$((timeout+2))
done
echo_success
echo
else
echo_failure
echo
fi
return $RETVAL
}

reload() {
$SQUID $SQUID_OPTS -k reconfigure
}

restart() {
stop
start
}

condrestart() {
[ -e /var/lock/subsys/squid ] && restart || :
}

rhstatus() {
status $SQUID
$SQUID -k check
}

probe() {
return 0
}

case "$1" in
start)
start
;;

stop)
stop
;;

reload)
reload
;;

restart)
restart
;;

condrestart)
condrestart
;;

status)
rhstatus
;;

probe)
exit 0
;;

*)
gprintf "Usage: %s {start|stop|status|reload|restart|condrestart}\n" "$0"
exit 1
esac

exit $?



[debloxie@mail src]$ cat /usr/include/bits/types.h
/* bits/types.h -- definitions of __*_t types underlying *_t types.
Copyright (C) 2002, 2003 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
This file is part of the GNU C Library.

The GNU C Library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

The GNU C Library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
Lesser General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
License along with the GNU C Library; if not, write to the Free
Software Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA
02111-1307 USA. */

/*
* Never include this file directly; use <sys/types.h> instead.
*/

#ifndef _BITS_TYPES_H
#define _BITS_TYPES_H 1

#include <features.h>
#include <bits/wordsize.h>

#define __need_size_t
#include <stddef.h>

/* Convenience types. */
typedef unsigned char __u_char;
typedef unsigned short int __u_short;
typedef unsigned int __u_int;
typedef unsigned long int __u_long;

/* Number of descriptors that can fit in an `fd_set'. */
#define __FD_SETSIZE 8192

/* Fixed-size types, underlying types depend on word size and compiler. */
typedef signed char __int8_t;
typedef unsigned char __uint8_t;
typedef signed short int __int16_t;
typedef unsigned short int __uint16_t;
typedef signed int __int32_t;
typedef unsigned int __uint32_t;
#if __WORDSIZE == 64
typedef signed long int __int64_t;
typedef unsigned long int __uint64_t;
#elif defined __GLIBC_HAVE_LONG_LONG
__extension__ typedef signed long long int __int64_t;
__extension__ typedef unsigned long long int __uint64_t;
#endif

/* quad_t is also 64 bits. */
#if __WORDSIZE == 64
typedef long int __quad_t;
typedef unsigned long int __u_quad_t;
#elif defined __GLIBC_HAVE_LONG_LONG
__extension__ typedef long long int __quad_t;
__extension__ typedef unsigned long long int __u_quad_t;
#else
typedef struct
{
long __val[2];
} __quad_t;
typedef struct
{
__u_long __val[2];
} __u_quad_t;
#endif


/* The machine-dependent file <bits/typesizes.h> defines __*_T_TYPE
macros for each of the OS types we define below. The definitions
of those macros must use the following macros for underlying types.
We define __S<SIZE>_TYPE and __U<SIZE>_TYPE for the signed and unsigned
variants of each of the following integer types on this machine.

16 -- "natural" 16-bit type (always short)
32 -- "natural" 32-bit type (always int)
64 -- "natural" 64-bit type (long or long long)
LONG32 -- 32-bit type, traditionally long
QUAD -- 64-bit type, always long long
WORD -- natural type of __WORDSIZE bits (int or long)
LONGWORD -- type of __WORDSIZE bits, traditionally long

We distinguish WORD/LONGWORD, 32/LONG32, and 64/QUAD so that the
conventional uses of `long' or `long long' type modifiers match the
types we define, even when a less-adorned type would be the same size.
This matters for (somewhat) portably writing printf/scanf formats for
these types, where using the appropriate l or ll format modifiers can
make the typedefs and the formats match up across all GNU platforms. If
we used `long' when it's 64 bits where `long long' is expected, then the
compiler would warn about the formats not matching the argument types,
and the programmer changing them to shut up the compiler would break the
program's portability.

Here we assume what is presently the case in all the GCC configurations
we support: long long is always 64 bits, long is always word/address size,
and int is always 32 bits. */

#define __S16_TYPE short int
#define __U16_TYPE unsigned short int
#define __S32_TYPE int
#define __U32_TYPE unsigned int
#define __SLONGWORD_TYPE long int
#define __ULONGWORD_TYPE unsigned long int
#if __WORDSIZE == 32
# define __SQUAD_TYPE long long int
# define __UQUAD_TYPE unsigned long long int
# define __SWORD_TYPE int
# define __UWORD_TYPE unsigned int
# define __SLONG32_TYPE long int
# define __ULONG32_TYPE unsigned long int
# define __S64_TYPE __quad_t
# define __U64_TYPE __u_quad_t
#elif __WORDSIZE == 64
# define __SQUAD_TYPE long int
# define __UQUAD_TYPE unsigned long int
# define __SWORD_TYPE long int
# define __UWORD_TYPE unsigned long int
# define __SLONG32_TYPE int
# define __ULONG32_TYPE unsigned int
# define __S64_TYPE long int
# define __U64_TYPE unsigned long int
#else
# error
#endif
#include <bits/typesizes.h> /* Defines __*_T_TYPE macros. */

/* We want __extension__ before typedef's that use nonstandard base types
such as `long long' in C89 mode. */
#define __STD_TYPE __extension__ typedef


__STD_TYPE __DEV_T_TYPE __dev_t; /* Type of device numbers. */
__STD_TYPE __UID_T_TYPE __uid_t; /* Type of user identifications. */
__STD_TYPE __GID_T_TYPE __gid_t; /* Type of group identifications. */
__STD_TYPE __INO_T_TYPE __ino_t; /* Type of file serial numbers. */
__STD_TYPE __INO64_T_TYPE __ino64_t; /* Type of file serial numbers (LFS).*/
__STD_TYPE __MODE_T_TYPE __mode_t; /* Type of file attribute bitmasks. */
__STD_TYPE __NLINK_T_TYPE __nlink_t; /* Type of file link counts. */
__STD_TYPE __OFF_T_TYPE __off_t; /* Type of file sizes and offsets. */
__STD_TYPE __OFF64_T_TYPE __off64_t; /* Type of file sizes and offsets (LFS). */
__STD_TYPE __PID_T_TYPE __pid_t; /* Type of process identifications. */
__STD_TYPE __FSID_T_TYPE __fsid_t; /* Type of file system IDs. */
__STD_TYPE __CLOCK_T_TYPE __clock_t; /* Type of CPU usage counts. */
__STD_TYPE __RLIM_T_TYPE __rlim_t; /* Type for resource measurement. */
__STD_TYPE __RLIM64_T_TYPE __rlim64_t; /* Type for resource measurement (LFS). */
__STD_TYPE __ID_T_TYPE __id_t; /* General type for IDs. */
__STD_TYPE __TIME_T_TYPE __time_t; /* Seconds since the Epoch. */
__STD_TYPE __USECONDS_T_TYPE __useconds_t; /* Count of microseconds. */
__STD_TYPE __SUSECONDS_T_TYPE __suseconds_t; /* Signed count of microseconds. */

__STD_TYPE __DADDR_T_TYPE __daddr_t; /* The type of a disk address. */
__STD_TYPE __SWBLK_T_TYPE __swblk_t; /* Type of a swap block maybe? */
__STD_TYPE __KEY_T_TYPE __key_t; /* Type of an IPC key. */

/* Clock ID used in clock and timer functions. */
__STD_TYPE __CLOCKID_T_TYPE __clockid_t;

/* Timer ID returned by `timer_create'. */
__STD_TYPE __TIMER_T_TYPE __timer_t;

/* Type to represent block size. */
__STD_TYPE __BLKSIZE_T_TYPE __blksize_t;

/* Types from the Large File Support interface. */

/* Type to count number of disk blocks. */
__STD_TYPE __BLKCNT_T_TYPE __blkcnt_t;
__STD_TYPE __BLKCNT64_T_TYPE __blkcnt64_t;

/* Type to count file system blocks. */
__STD_TYPE __FSBLKCNT_T_TYPE __fsblkcnt_t;
__STD_TYPE __FSBLKCNT64_T_TYPE __fsblkcnt64_t;

/* Type to count file system nodes. */
__STD_TYPE __FSFILCNT_T_TYPE __fsfilcnt_t;
__STD_TYPE __FSFILCNT64_T_TYPE __fsfilcnt64_t;

__STD_TYPE __SSIZE_T_TYPE __ssize_t; /* Type of a byte count, or error. */

/* These few don't really vary by system, they always correspond
to one of the other defined types. */
typedef __off64_t __loff_t; /* Type of file sizes and offsets (LFS). */
typedef __quad_t *__qaddr_t;
typedef char *__caddr_t;

/* Duplicates info from stdint.h but this is used in unistd.h. */
__STD_TYPE __SWORD_TYPE __intptr_t;

/* Duplicate info from sys/socket.h. */
__STD_TYPE __U32_TYPE __socklen_t;


#undef __STD_TYPE

#endif /* bits/types.h */



[debloxie@mail src]$ cat /usr/include/bits/typesizes.h
/* bits/typesizes.h -- underlying types for *_t. Generic version.
Copyright (C) 2002, 2003 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
This file is part of the GNU C Library.

The GNU C Library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

The GNU C Library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
Lesser General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
License along with the GNU C Library; if not, write to the Free
Software Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA
02111-1307 USA. */

#ifndef _BITS_TYPES_H
# error "Never include <bits/typesizes.h> directly; use <sys/types.h> instead."
#endif

#ifndef _BITS_TYPESIZES_H
#define _BITS_TYPESIZES_H 1

/* See <bits/types.h> for the meaning of these macros. This file exists so
that <bits/types.h> need not vary across different GNU platforms. */

/* Number of descriptors that can fit in an `fd_set'. */
#define __FD_SETSIZE 8192

#define __DEV_T_TYPE __UQUAD_TYPE
#define __UID_T_TYPE __U32_TYPE
#define __GID_T_TYPE __U32_TYPE
#define __INO_T_TYPE __ULONGWORD_TYPE
#define __INO64_T_TYPE __UQUAD_TYPE
#define __MODE_T_TYPE __U32_TYPE
#define __NLINK_T_TYPE __UWORD_TYPE
#define __OFF_T_TYPE __SLONGWORD_TYPE
#define __OFF64_T_TYPE __SQUAD_TYPE
#define __PID_T_TYPE __S32_TYPE
#define __RLIM_T_TYPE __ULONGWORD_TYPE
#define __RLIM64_T_TYPE __UQUAD_TYPE
#define __BLKCNT_T_TYPE __SLONGWORD_TYPE
#define __BLKCNT64_T_TYPE __SQUAD_TYPE
#define __FSBLKCNT_T_TYPE __ULONGWORD_TYPE
#define __FSBLKCNT64_T_TYPE __UQUAD_TYPE
#define __FSFILCNT_T_TYPE __ULONGWORD_TYPE
#define __FSFILCNT64_T_TYPE __UQUAD_TYPE
#define __ID_T_TYPE __U32_TYPE
#define __CLOCK_T_TYPE __SLONGWORD_TYPE
#define __TIME_T_TYPE __SLONGWORD_TYPE
#define __USECONDS_T_TYPE __U32_TYPE
#define __SUSECONDS_T_TYPE __SLONGWORD_TYPE
#define __DADDR_T_TYPE __S32_TYPE
#define __SWBLK_T_TYPE __SLONGWORD_TYPE
#define __KEY_T_TYPE __S32_TYPE
#define __CLOCKID_T_TYPE __S32_TYPE
#define __TIMER_T_TYPE __S32_TYPE
#define __BLKSIZE_T_TYPE __SLONGWORD_TYPE
#define __FSID_T_TYPE struct { int __val[2]; }
#define __SSIZE_T_TYPE __SWORD_TYPE

#endif /* bits/typesizes.h */


i would like to know if i am doing something wrong. Pls any help

Thanks
 
Old 06-19-2005, 10:26 AM   #2
newpenguin
Member
 
Registered: Sep 2002
Location: lahore pakistan
Distribution: slackware,redhat, FreeBSD,openbsd
Posts: 219

Rep: Reputation: 30
Henrick stated himself this procedure but for only 2.2 kernel and in 2.4 kernel you dont need any thing.

If you are using any PAM based distribution like Redhat/Fedora then you need

in /etc/security/pam.conf

* soft nofile 8192
* hard nofile 8192

and

echo 8192 > /proc/sys/fs/file-max
echo 24576 > /proc/sys/fs/inode-max

then logout

open a new shell .
RECOMPILE SQUID.
verify detected file descriptors in cache.log when squid boots up.

hopefully this will work.
 
Old 06-19-2005, 11:29 AM   #3
debloxie
Member
 
Registered: Jul 2003
Posts: 153

Original Poster
Rep: Reputation: 30
there seems not be present an /etc/security/pam.conf or either /proc/sys/fs/inode.. or file..max

have u tried this using redhat 9.0

pls reply
 
Old 06-20-2005, 08:24 AM   #4
newpenguin
Member
 
Registered: Sep 2002
Location: lahore pakistan
Distribution: slackware,redhat, FreeBSD,openbsd
Posts: 219

Rep: Reputation: 30
sorry File name is /etc/security/limits.conf not pam.conf.

and use

find /proc -name "*max*" -print

to get the exact location

regards
 
Old 06-26-2005, 02:06 PM   #5
win32sux
Guru
 
Registered: Jul 2003
Location: Los Angeles
Distribution: Ubuntu
Posts: 9,870

Rep: Reputation: 371Reputation: 371Reputation: 371Reputation: 371
how'd it go with this, debloxie??
 
  


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