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Old 12-03-2004, 05:42 PM   #1
mac_phil
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Script to check connection (and restart network if down)


I leave my desktop online 24/7, and often SSH into it when I'm away.

Every once in awhile the system loses its network connection. (This is with DHCP.)

If I'm home, I can just type 'service network restart'. If I'm not home, I'm screwed.

How would I write a simple script to do the following every 15 minutes:

1)Check if the network is up
1a) If up, exit.
2b) If down, issue command 'service network restart' and goto 1.


I understand the basic ideas, that 1 will probably involve pinging some host, but I don't know how to write such a script.

Thanks!
 
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Old 12-03-2004, 07:17 PM   #2
scowles
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1) copy/paste the following lines into a new file named /usr/local/bin/check_network. Change the ROUTER_IP variable to the IP address that can verify that your network is up.
Code:
#!/bin/bash

ROUTER_IP=192.168.9.6
( ! ping -c1 $ROUTER_IP >/dev/null 2>&1 ) && service network restart >/dev/null 2>&1
2) Add the following line to /etc/crontab. Change the */2 to whatever increment you want to have this script run in minutes. It's currently set to run /usr/local/bin/check_netowork every two minutes.
Code:
*/2 * * * * root /usr/local/bin/check_network
3) Set the execute permissions on the script. As root, type:
chmod +x /usr/local/bin/check_network.

thats it!
 
Old 12-05-2004, 12:24 AM   #3
mac_phil
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Thanks! That is really helpful.
 
Old 12-09-2004, 12:44 PM   #4
VibeOfOurTribe
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Ok, I guess I don't really unerstand the 2>&1 part of the script, but your script does not appear to be correct. Here is an example (I removed the >/dev/null so I could see what is going on):

My network is alive and I type:
Code:
(ping -c1 google.com 2>&1) && echo "true"
Here is what that does:
"PING google.com (216.239.37.99) 56(84) bytes of data.

--- google.com ping statistics ---
1 packets transmitted, 0 received, 100% packet loss, time 0ms"

notice it doesn't echo "true", which if I'm understanging your script correctly, it should.

So if I do:
Code:
(! ping -c1 google.com 2>&1) && echo "true"
again, while my network is up it says.
"PING google.com (216.239.37.99) 56(84) bytes of data.

--- google.com ping statistics ---
1 packets transmitted, 0 received, 100% packet loss, time 0ms

true"


According to this, your script
Code:
#!/bin/bash

ROUTER_IP=192.168.9.6
( ! ping -c1 $ROUTER_IP >/dev/null 2>&1 ) && service network restart >/dev/null 2>&1
the network will get restarted even if it's up. Removing the "!" seems to have the desired effect, but it just looks incorrect. What is going on here? Possibly our versions of the "ping" program have different implementations?

Last edited by VibeOfOurTribe; 12-09-2004 at 12:57 PM.
 
Old 12-09-2004, 01:08 PM   #5
mac_phil
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Yes, it seems there is something slightly wrong with the script.

My network connection usually dies about once every three weeks. I've been running this script nonstop for about five days, and it has restarted my network at least 15 times. So it is giving some false positives for the network being down.
 
Old 12-09-2004, 01:13 PM   #6
VibeOfOurTribe
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Ok here is a script that works beautifully for me:
Code:
#!/bin/bash
x=`ping -c1 google.com 2>&1 | grep unknown`
if [ ! "$x" = "" ]; then
        echo "It's down!! Attempting to restart."
        service network restart
fi
This script works because if the network is down, ping will return "ping: unknown host google.com". If it is up then the word "unknown" shouldn't lie anywhere in the output.

Hope that works for you too!
 
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Old 12-09-2004, 01:21 PM   #7
VibeOfOurTribe
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also, to be on the safe side in my crontab i put a second line which restarts the network every hour regardless. So my crontab for root looks like this:

Code:
*/2 * * * * /usr/local/bin/check_network
0 * * * *    service network restart > /dev/null
 
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Old 12-09-2004, 01:21 PM   #8
mac_phil
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I'll give that one a try, thanks!
 
Old 10-14-2009, 08:48 AM   #9
hande1
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A similar script

Did you have any luck with this Phil?

I'm looking to do something similar but I'm not overly familiar with bash scripting so it's driving me mad.

In an ideal world my script would ping 3 different IPs in turn, and if packet loss on either link exceeded say, 10%, a set of actions would be taken to restart the link:

a) Restart networking
b) Restart networkmanager
c) Ask networkmanager to dial up my link again (using cnetworkmanager as a command line utility )

I have the latter commands, but am struggling to structure and build a script to perform the above logic.

Any gurus fancy offering their kind assistance?
 
Old 01-05-2010, 09:10 PM   #10
abibibo
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Hande: If it's not too late, here's something I just wrote for my own use. It should be simple to modify such that it tests packet loss for multiple IP's and acts based on the average. Run using the crontab examples posted previously.


Code:
#!/usr/bin/env bash
#/usr/local/bin/wap_check

# Script to monitor and restart wireless access point when needed

maxPloss=10 #Maximum percent packet loss before a restart

restart_networking() {
        # Add any commands need to get network back up and running
        /etc/init.d/networking restart

        #only needed if your running a wireless ap
        /etc/init.d/dhcp3-server restart 
}

# First make sure we can resolve google, otherwise 'ping -w' would hang
if ! $(host -W5 www.google.com > /dev/null 2>&1); then
        #Make a note in syslog
        logger "wap_check: Network connection is down, restarting network ..."
        restart_networking
        exit
fi

# Initialize to a value that would force a restart
# (just in case ping gives an error and ploss doesn't get set)
ploss=101
# now ping google for 10 seconds and count packet loss
ploss=$(ping -q -w10 www.google.com | grep -o "[0-9]*%" | tr -d %) > /dev/null 2>&1

if [ "$ploss" -gt "$maxPloss" ]; then
        logger "Packet loss ($ploss%) exceeded $maxPloss, restarting network ..."
        restart_networking
fi

Last edited by abibibo; 01-05-2010 at 09:18 PM.
 
Old 01-06-2010, 05:19 AM   #11
hande1
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Thanks abibibo!
 
  


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