How to transfer from old computer of Windows 7 & Linux Mint files to new computer
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Thank you for your response, everyone. Now here's the thing. I am pretty much computer illiterate & have not done this before. I assume (excuse my ignorance) I set up new computer & attach it to old computer with USB cable? Do I (Say) go to windows 7 first & transfer info from there & then to Linux mint for those files? I have to start with this 'cause I can only do one step at a time.
The absolute easiest thing to do would be to just get a USB stick. They are available just about everywhere -- here is a link to an online source, but you can get them in Walmart, Target, Best Buy, etc.: USB Flash Drives.
Boot into the old computer, plug in the USB drive, then just use your mouse to copy/paste things from the file system to the USB. Take it out and put it in the new computer and copy/paste from the USB to where you want the files in the new computer. It may take a while doing it that way, depending on how many things you're transferring, but you don't need to try networking the computers together if that's too hard for you to do.
If the old computer is a laptop you can simply remove the drive and use a SATA USB2 cable to connect the HDD to a new computers USB port.
Otherwise really simple way - in Windows networking just share the files and copy via File explorer and from Linuxmint share data via SAMBA and copy to new machine.
Your main problem is if you are only running Windows on the new machine is to get the Linux files. SAMBA does that without any problem -- on Linux mint easy gui to set up samba -- INSTALL SYSTEM-CONFIG-SAMBA.
Using Mint and qparted, make a partition big enough to hold all of your data, but not hog up your entire hard drive. Format this partition as NTFS. Preferably, put it at the end of the drive.
When you install 8.1, make sure that you do NOT use up the whole drive. Install Windows onto the unpartitioned part of the drive only.
Using Linux Mint, shrink your partition on your Mint system and make a new FAT or NTFS partition big enough to hold your data using gparted. Copy and paste your data using dolphin to the new partition.
Install 8.1 on your new blank hard drive or new computer.
Put the Mint drive into the enclosure and move your data. Windows will NOT be able to read the linux partition, but will read the FAT or NTFS partition with your data on it just fine.