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I have an HP Pavillion ze1110 laptop and was trying to configure the volume buttons (all used with the Function key) when I ran into a few stumbling blocks:
1) I have no idea how to do this to begin with (I have long forgotten keymapping and never learned alsa mixer keymapping controls)
2) I'm using Fluxbox instead of KDE/Gnome
3) It's not a unique button but a combination of buttons to get each result (Mute, Up, Down).
In general, this has become quite easy.... well at least in
Change your /etc/X11/xorg.conf or /etc/X11/XFree86.conf file...
Option "XkbModel" "<whatever>"
And change "<whatever>" to a particular keyboard model
for yours.. you can find a list in /etc/X11/xkb/rules under
$inetkbds = etc...
If you are using KDE, you can bring up the Show Mixer Window
and Right-Click on the volume bar to map and select Configure Shortcuts...
you'll see options for raising and lowering the volume in addition
to muting... just select a custom sequence and hit your button
to map it.
I think Gnome has something similar.. but I'm not sure.
This is how i assigned two keys for volume up and down in .xbindkeyscr.scm:
(xbindkey '("c:176") "amixer set DAC 10+& amixer set DAC,1 10+&")
(xbindkey '("c:174") "amixer set DAC 10-& amixer set DAC,1 10-&")
I use a cordless numeric keypad as a remote control .