GRUB loading, please wait... Error 22
I have installed SuSE linux 10.1 in my laptop. I have windows OS aswell. Installation was perfect, as i have 2GB of RAM i have deleted the Linux SWAP partition.
The problem occurred now, when booting with GRUB i am getting the message
GRUB loading, please wait...
nothing happens from there
I booted with linux installation CD and went to Rescue system mode. I logged in as root and tried to execute
mount -t reiserfs /dev/sda7 mnt
look for line having word 'swap' and put # sign before that line. save file and reboot.
but i got error as
cannot create directory 'mnt' : Read-only file system.
What can i do now?
Please suggest me.
Thank you in advance!!
look in the / filesystem for a directory that's empty. For example, try just mounting your filesystem on /mnt, /opt, or /tmp if they already exist and are empty directories... mount -t reiserfs /dev/sda7 /tmp
Also, you might check the output of fdisk -l to make sure your / partition is still /dev/sda7. I feel like that usually means your partitions changed order (like when you deleted the swap partition maybe?). So you might need to modify /etc/fstab to point at the new partition designations (i.e. /dev/sda6 instead of 7).
What does it show?
Disk /dev/sda: 120.0 GB
255 heads, 63 sectors/tracks, 14593 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Linux swap / Solaris
So i think, /dev/sda2 and /dev/sda6 belongs to Linux
I would agree. But it looks like you're using ext3, not rieserfs. So I would try mount -t ext3 /dev/sda2 /tmp Then try nano /tmp/etc/fstab and make sure it looks okay.
/dev/sda6 / reiserfs acl,user_xattr 11
/dev/sda2 /home reiserfs acl,user_xattr 12
/dev/sda1 /windows/C ntfs ro,users,gid=users,umask=0$
/dev/sda5 /windows/D ntfs ro,users,gid=users,umask=0$
/dev/sda7 swap swap defaults 00
Proc /proc proc defaults 00
Sysfs /sys sysfs noauto 00
Debugfs /sys/kernel/debug debugfs noauto 00
Usbfs /proc/bus/usb usbfs noauto 00
Devpts /dev/pts devpts mode=0620,gid=5 00
this is th o/p of the fstab file, any comments on this?
I see a basic problem here that the partition references are indiscriminately altered while Grub's complaint is
I am also confused by why it is necessary to remove the swap in order to cure Grub Error 22.
It would be helpful if the OP posts the Suse's /boot/grub/menu.lst.
It is possible once the Grub error 22 is overcome we could face a kernel panic because its fstab has been altered for other reasons.
Shall i install Linux again? But i am sure how the partitions will be allocated.
I don't think you need a re-install. It is a feature in the new Suse that it "resume" to a swap.
I have a swap in hda5 used by all the Linux and my Suse 10 is booted by Grub as follow
If something is wrong with fstab then it will be reported a "kernel" error. By such time Grub would have buggered off for it lunch break.
My diagnosis is that you could have physically deleted the swap. The action causes the entire logical partition set to shift upward by one position. In a panic you tried to slavage the position by amending the fstab. Your action could still work but I think you need a swap to satisfy Suse.
To me to quickest way to get out of the hot water is to recreate the swap back in its origical position even if it is smaller than the original size and restore the original fstab.
It is not a big deal to alter Linux partition references. I do it sometimes for the entire disk with over 60 distros inside.
Re-installing GRUB will do? If so, How can i??
When you are in a rescue mode you are operating Suse from a boot-up Linux. Therefore /boot/grub of the boot-up CD Linux is not the one in the hard disk.
The Suse that is of interest to you is in the hard disk. Your fstabtells us that the root of Suse is currently sda6 (but should have been sda7 according to you). Swap is always Type 82 as there ins't one in your current partition table and you did say to have deleted it. Therefore I predicted the deletion could have been the physical kind as against just an entry in fstab. You also suggested the sda6 was originally sda7. Logical partitions must work like a continuous chain with one logical partition following another in a consecutive order. If one logical partition is deleted the the space is dead and the logical partitions afterward will "automatically" shifted upward to maintain the continuity.
If you have used gparted to aborb the dead space then it may be expedient just to do a re-install.
If you haven't touch the dead space then run "cfdisk /dev/sda" at root terminal (by "su" first followed by root password to become the superuser). You will find the empty space from the deletion of your swap partition currently waiting for you between partition sda5 and sda6. Just use the same space to create a logical partition, select Type 82, highlight "write", hit return, quit cfdisk program and you should be in business again. You should also see with your own eye how cfdisk automatically shift the logical partition sda6 downward to become sda7, back to its original refrence, without any intervention from you.
At this point you should have no Grub error but your Suse may panic until you edit fstab back to its original order, which is sda7 is "/" and no "#" in front of the line /dev/hda6.
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