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Old 12-16-2011, 08:48 PM   #1
mvmannheim
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Boot problem after installing Ubuntu 11.04 - "Kernel panic - not syncing VFS"...


So I upgraded to Ubuntu Desktop v12.04. After doing so, I'm unable to boot the machine.

The complete error message is:
Code:
"Kernel panic - not syncing VFS; Unable to mount root fs on unknown-block(0,0)"
followed by some address and register data, I assume...

Somehow, I think GRUB isn't getting found/loaded.

I'm able to load the install CD and run a terminal as root. All of my files are in /home and it looks like the root partition is ok.

The fstab file looks like:

Code:
proc		/proc		proc		defaults		0		0
# /dev/sda1
UUID…   	/   		ext3    realtime,errors=remount-ro     0        1
# /dev/sda5
UUID… 	none		swap		sw			0		0
/dev/scd0	/media/cdrom0…
/dev/fd0		/media/floppy0…
If I run> parted -l:
Model: ATA HTS…(scsi)
Disk /dev/sda: 40.0GG
Sector size (logical/physical): 512B/512B
Partition table: msdos

Code:
Number	Start	End		Size		Type		File System		Flags
1		32.5kB	38.5GB	38.5GB	primary	ext3				boot
2		38.5GB	40.0GB	1546GB	extended
5		38.5GB	40.0GB	1546GB	logical	linux-swap(v1)

Warning: Unable to open /dev/sr0 read-write (Read-only file system). /dev/sr0 has been opened read-only. Error: Can't have a partition outside the disk!
If I run> parted check 2
or
> parted rm 2
Code:
Error: could not stat device check - No such file or directory
It seems that somehow the partitions 2 & 5 are beyond the size of the hard drive (40.0GB), but I don't know how to fix that.

Any ideas would be greatly appreciated!
 
Old 12-17-2011, 03:21 AM   #2
business_kid
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That error means it found the kernel but not the root filesystem.

Looking at fstab, this is wrong
# /dev/sda1
UUID… / ext3 realtime,errors=remount-ro 0 1

You need the UUID, or, simpler, put in sda1 for that one instead of UUID...

You can find UUIDs in /dev/disk/by-uuid or suchlike place. Do similarly fo0r swap.
 
Old 12-17-2011, 12:02 PM   #3
mvmannheim
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business_kid - thanks for the reply. Actually, I intentionally shortened the UUID for the post. In reality the fstab file contains the full UUIDs in each case.
 
Old 12-18-2011, 11:06 AM   #4
business_kid
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OK - uuid is not the problem.

Here's my line from /boot/grub/menu.lst
Quote:
title Slackware-13.1-2.6.38.4-xxx Kernel
root (hd0,4)
kernel /vmlinuz-2.6.38.4-xxx root=/dev/sda8 ro resume=/dev/sda9 pcie_aspm=force
This is a poor example, because the partition numbers are all over the shop. But that highlighted option tells the kernel where to look for the root filesystem, and it needs to find / there. Your setting there must be wrong. So the kernel looks in the wrong place and says "Hey, that's not a root filesystem", and spouts the error you saw.
 
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Old 12-18-2011, 02:34 PM   #5
mvmannheim
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business_kid - thanks so much for your help! That did it! For some reason my menu.lst file had the root parameter set to root=UUID=7395...

After setting root=/dev/sda1 everything boots swimmingly.

Much appreciated!
 
Old 01-18-2014, 09:54 PM   #6
52Dave
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kernel panic?

I recently downloaded Ubuntu 13.10 to a bootable usb drive which worked just fine the first 5 or 6 times, but just as I was finally sold and tried to install ubuntu on my machine I suddenly got the "kernel panic" message as shown at top of this thread.
What's more my computer chucked a hissy fit and froze so I had to unplug the power and remove the battery to shut down.
Unfortunately I don't speak geek so I can't understand any of the solutions offered above (a failing on my part of course).
While boot/grub exists, boot/grub/menu.lst does not.
Can anybody explain this to me in plain english?
 
Old 01-18-2014, 10:30 PM   #7
Rubian
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Quote:
Originally Posted by 52Dave View Post
I recently downloaded Ubuntu 13.10 to a bootable usb drive which worked just fine the first 5 or 6 times, but just as I was finally sold and tried to install ubuntu on my machine I suddenly got the "kernel panic" message as shown at top of this thread.
What's more my computer chucked a hissy fit and froze so I had to unplug the power and remove the battery to shut down.
Unfortunately I don't speak geek so I can't understand any of the solutions offered above (a failing on my part of course).
While boot/grub exists, boot/grub/menu.lst does not.
Can anybody explain this to me in plain english?
Just make a new USB.
 
Old 01-19-2014, 02:45 AM   #8
business_kid
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if you don't have menu.lst, it may be called grub.conf

Also newer UEFI capable versions of grub do very strange things and all bets are off there.
 
Old 01-21-2014, 03:30 AM   #9
52Dave
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Kernel panic

G'day business kid and rubian
That didn't really help me much but thanks anyway. I had already started again froms scratch by recreating the bootable drive and this time it worked so I installed ubuntu straight away and so far so good.
Any ideas on how I get Toshiba utilities and web cam to work?
 
  


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