Linux - KernelThis forum is for all discussion relating to the Linux kernel.
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Given very general homework questions like this, it is difficult to know what level your tutor would consider appropriate for this course.
That is like asking "What are the causes of my car not starting?"
And 'How do I put it right?' all without disclosing the context (was it running out of petrol the last time you used it, is it a long time since you last used it, is it cold, is it wet, has it done it before?)
PS: If you do find Pixellany's screwdriver while you are doing further research, it would be considered sociable to send it on to him.
A "kernel panic" occurs when the kernel has no other avenue of escape.
Usually, kernel panics occur upon startup, when the system is building its operating-environment but has not yet completely done so. If something goes wrong at this point, it might be impossible to proceed. So the system grinds to an abrupt halt: a kernel panic.
The second most common cause of a kernel-panic is that smoke is curling out from underneath the edge of a disk-drive or the motherboard... or maybe flames...