I posted all error messages
...you did not yet try to mount your sata drive...
run this command:
and use up + down arrow to scroll through the file.
It contains kernel-messages about various things during boot of your system
Look through it for what harware was detected - especially your sata drive - and note what name and number the kernel gave it
you can search for a pattern like sata by pressing:
(not the + , it is for "and")
and then giving the pattern -> RETURN