Intel Core Processor Integrated Graphics Controller on Dell Latitude e5510
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are not good. Vesa is an old standard, dating back, iirc to that funny time when PCs were getting a little faster, and the ISA bus was a slow embarrassment. IBM held a meeting and explained how they were going to have the PS/2 so they could make money from the PC, and showed their standard with their patented board design fitting into their slots, and their plugs connecting to their sockets, and left the clone manufacturers long faced and angry. The clone guys let IBM go away, kept the meeting going and said '<4 letter word> that for a lark.' They started scribbling designs on the back of IBM's agenda & standard and we had the EISA bus; Engineers realised bosses shouldn't design circuits, and out came the vesa bus, which proved engineers couldn't design circuits either, as it had horrible interrupt problems. But it did 50Mhz, which was more than the PCI bus 33 Mhz, and offered the best graphics for a while, as long as you didn't put a hard disk on it as well. So standards were set, and software written.
We have moved on. Get the real driver for that Intel card, however pathetic it is. Try
lshal |grep -iC 10 video
and get a full description. Intel acknowledge the existence of linux, so you might be in luck with this.
Simply not having an /etc/X11/xorg.conf file should get Xorg to use the proper driver for your GPU. Otherwise, yes, you could force Xorg to try the intel driver by switching 'vesa' to 'driver' in /etc/X11/xorg.conf
In both case I obtain a black screen after the boot...
However I see some line of the boot but when I would see the logon screen, monitor becomes black and bloc num and caps lock begin to flash (like a kernel panic??).
Note that I have to put some lines in grub.cfg otherwise I get the situation above. I add i915.modeset=0 xforcevesa.
Apologies, that lshal line should probably have been
lshal |grep iC10 graphics
You may just want the xf86-video-i810 package.
There were three devices that I remember: the
i740; the i810 - both very ancient and crap
i915 - just crap. These were the devices m$ wanted out of the system before they released vista, and they led to this difference between
Vista Ready (meaning they won't actually grind to a complete halt running vista) &
Vista Capable (meaning they will, so they nobbled vista to let them move)
lshal lists all the devices, grep does a text search. That should do a case insesnitive search, & throw up the word 'graphics' and 10 lines of conrtest either side, which will all fit in a terminal with any luck.