Yet another "which distro should I choose" thread, 500 MHz web server
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You could try Slackware, if you are an experienced user, and use it from the CLI, no window managers and stuff. It also comes with quite a few window managers you can choose from. You can install slackpkg if you want an easy-to-use package manager.
You didn't mention in what aspects is your system dog slow. Is it slow at file serving? Being a web server? Or some other task(s)?
A system of those specs shouldn't be terribly slow as a personal file server and web server. If you're technically savvy, whatever Linux you install could be installed without a graphical environment. Nowadays, I've found that the various desktop environments are the main cause for bloat and sluggishness on older machines. If you go with something lighter weight, you get back a lot of speed.
So far, I've only personally tried Xubuntu, which isn't too bad. However, this isn't a fair comparison because my machine was 1.2 GHz with 512 MB of memory; that's quite a bit different from yours. I was also using it as a desktop, and not any sort of server. But nonetheless, it's worth a shot and the general direction of going with a lighter weight graphical environment is a good bet.
I would go with slackware, as this is what I have been using and have found it very flexible as a desktop and server. I have a 350MHz, 128MB, ~600MB install web/mail/imap/ftp/ssh server (granted low traffic) running slackware, and have not had any problems with the performance.
You may want to rethink the package manager option, whichever distro you use though, and try compiling some of the apps yourself, that way you have more control over what gets included with the application and can optimize more for you system. Compiling a new kernel would be a good idea too.
Since the processor and memory are both on the lower side, how fast is your hard drive? If this is a file server, and the hard drive on the server is slow, it may appear to have bad performance no matter what.