Virtual space seen by each new process in User space
In a 32-bit system, max memory addressable is 4GB.
Now Linux kernel does memory mapping division of 1GB for kernel address space and 3GB for user address space. That means 4GB of virtual address space is divided between kernel (1GB) and user (3GB).
Q1. All virtual mapping utilizes the available physical RAM without any division? I mean to say that if RAM is 512MB then a page in kernel space can lie any where RAM (leave aside old PCI dma accesses)? (How this fits to fact that kernel memory is non-pageble)
Q2. If a process is created in user space, it has visibility 4GB address space or 3GB address space?