Yes and your system should be already configured.
Look at the last value in the /etc/fstab file entry.
/dev/hda / ext3 defaults 1 1
Look at the last digit. Anything >0 will perform a check according to how the filesystem was setup. The value is based on priority with 1 being the highest. See man pages for fstab for more help.
You can change how often using the tune2fs command.