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I cant access to Russian named dirs/files on my fat32/ntfs. And when I create Russian named file on reiserfs its name displayed like ?????? ?? ??. Can I fix it? And, by the way, I cant type Russian in Emacs, though I chose non-US layouts handling for Emacs during (Slackware) installation. Kernel supports my Russian encodings.
the kernel must be compiled with the necessary codepages (all of them) in order to access fat/vfat file systems (codepages translate to and from the necessary encoding on fat/vat)
and as for reiserfs, i think thats the kernel, if it has the necessary encodings compiled in tho, there shouldn't be a problem (you should use utf-8 in there also), as for emacs thing, as i recall, emacs is for X is it not? (i never seen it work in console), but either way, setup the environment to use Russian layouts ("loadkeys" in for the virtual terminals, and "xloadkeys" for X i think it was)
all i know is that in the kernel it says "use this encoding for default" i think ... its a string you type in, but it isn't necessary that much, apparently its only used on the file systems fat/vat and i think ext2/3 and maybe minix (mostly the old file systems)
as for systems encoding, use the LC environment variables .... personally i prefer utf8 as it has support for every language (thru unicode)