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Old 10-31-2005, 09:36 PM   #1
Niceman2005
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My harddisk usage is 91% but I cannot figure out what occupies so much space...


Dear friends,


This morning my squid server terminated for the first time since it was born. After checking I realised the harddisk was full and the log files were getting too huge. Upon deleting some of the log files, squid managed to start again, However when I checked the hard disk usage it gives me 91% being used:

# df -h
Filesystem Size Used Avail Use% Mounted on
/dev/hda2 28G 24G 2.6G 91% /
/dev/hda1 97M 7.7M 85M 9% /boot
none 122M 0 122M 0% /dev/shm


I have deleted many of the log files and tried to track down what is occupying so much of the hard disk but failed to find out.
I couldn't track down where in the harddisk has been used so much. I tried ls -sh on each directory but all the directories seem to occupy K size which isn't likely to be the souce of the space being used.

I did this:
#cd /
# ls -sh
total 258K
4.0K bin 4.0K home 4.0K misc 4.0K root 0 sys
1.0K boot 1.0K initrd 4.0K mnt 12K sbin 4.0K tmp
168K dev 4.0K lib 4.0K opt 4.0K selinux 4.0K usr
12K etc 16K lost+found 0 proc 4.0K share 4.0K var

from above, it doesnt seem like any of the directory is occupying much space? Any idea why the harddisk has been used so much?

thanks a lot for taking time reading my mail,

Regards
Yong
 
Old 10-31-2005, 09:46 PM   #2
Niceman2005
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continue

In addition to that previous thread:

I tried to use the GUI SystemTools -> System monitor, it shows the following:

Name Directory Type Total Used %
/dev/hda1 /boot ext3 96.7MB 7.5MB 8
/dev/hda2 / ext3 72.5GB 9.9GB 14


Is this the same thing as the one df -h shows?

thanks for helping!
 
Old 10-31-2005, 09:49 PM   #3
Niceman2005
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Hi friends..
Sori. the previous thread (Abt System Tools -> System monitor
Was a mistake...ignore the second thread...I checked the wrong machine...sorri....pls help me with the first thread....sorry...
 
Old 10-31-2005, 10:40 PM   #4
jailbait
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"I couldn't track down where in the harddisk has been used so much. I tried ls -sh on each directory but all the directories seem to occupy K size which isn't likely to be the souce of the space being used."

The command that I use in this situation is du. du will display the size of a portion of your file system. Some examples are:

du /var -s -h
du /var/log -s -h

du /home -s -h
du /home/user1 -s -h

du /usr/lib/iptables -s -h


-----------------------------------
Steve Stites
 
Old 11-01-2005, 12:06 AM   #5
ahedler
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I also use du to track down the disk hogs, but I do it like this:

cd /; du -sk * | less (or more, or put it into a file)

Look for the biggest one, then cd to that dir and repeat the du -sk * to see which dir is using the most. Take a look at each dir you test from to see if there is something huge there, like a core file or a monster log file. Hope this helps!
 
Old 11-01-2005, 02:20 AM   #6
Niceman2005
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Hi guys!

thanks a million for your help! It helped me a lot. While using the du command to check each diretory size. I encountered something confusing.

one eg is that I checked on the tmp direcotry /tmp: du tmp -s -h gives 219M

then when I cd tmp to check the files inside:
#cd tmp
#ls -sh
total 4.0K
0 authfail.log 0 authfail.log.unsort 4.0K sarg
0 authfail.log.1 0 denied.log.unsort
0 authfail.log.2 0 mapping-root

from above it shows that the total file size inside /tmp only total to 4.0K, how is it possible to get to 219M?

the same happened to my /var/log/squid directory. I have reduzed the size of the log files but the outer most directory still shows Mega size which isn't total to its content...

Is there anything I have misunderstood abt the du command ?
thanks for taking time helping...
 
Old 11-01-2005, 03:02 AM   #7
Niceman2005
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Sorry guys....

I made mistake again......I realised there are some really large hidden files...so when I use ls -alsh it showed that. really huge hidden log files....
 
  


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