makefile commands & options
I've a Makefile for 2.6. Part of it goes like this:
KERNELDIR ?= /lib/modules/$(shell uname -r)/build
PWD := $(shell pwd)
$(MAKE) -C $(KERNELDIR) M=$(PWD) LDDINC=$(PWD)/../include modules
What is the difference between the ?= in KERNEL ?= and the := in PWD := ?
Why can't we just use a simple = instead?
Also, what are the M & LDDINC in the make command for? They're not used anywhere else in the Makefile as far as I can see.
The /../include part is particularly confusing. When I run the Makefile, my pwd is /home/username. There are no further directories under the pwd tree in this case, & especially not the include directory nor file, but make runs just fine.
Can somebody please explain?
1 last thing. It is kinda hard to search the Internet for information on command options & parameters like $*, $^, ?=, :=, M, LDDINC as most of those are just punctuation marks to search engines & hence ignored.
Does anybody have a good site to recommend for such info?
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