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-   -   ls - Do not list full path only filename (http://www.linuxquestions.org/questions/linux-general-1/ls-do-not-list-full-path-only-filename-657894/)

baddah 07-24-2008 04:52 AM

ls - Do not list full path only filename
 
Hi,

I'm doing the following command which gives me all the matching entries,but i'd like to see only the filename,not the full path,so i'm doing this..

Code:

[root@accountingdb scripts]# ls --format single-column /var/www/html/CSA20June/B_Berg/*20080620*
/var/www/html/CSA20June/B_Berg/ipB_Berg200806200001.cgi

but i only want the filename(ipB_Berg200806200001.cgi) returned.

IS there some way in ls to throw away the full path, and only list the filename? I went through the man pages, but i could not find anything. I've tried some pipe commands to grep as well, but my grep skills is not nearly good enough it seems.

Any suggestions how can i achieve this?

Thanks

dipuasks 07-24-2008 05:09 AM

First redirect the whole output to a file say result.txt

Then count the number of / comes in the file path(I hope all the files are from same folder as per your above query) and run this command:

cut -d / -f# /path/to/result.txt

Where # is the number of slashes+1 i.e, for the path /var/www/html/CSA20June/B_Berg/ipB_Berg200806200001.cgi, the # should be 7.

I am not a scripting master, I had got this solution for a similar problem earlier and it works!


--Dipu
----------------------------
Windows? reboot. Linux? Be root!!

http://www.smartdipu.info

indeliblestamp 07-24-2008 05:10 AM

You can prefix it with the basename command.
Code:

basename `ls /some/long/path/*extension`
will give you only the filename.

edit: apparently basename takes only one arg. To workaround that, xargs seems to do fine:
Code:

ls /some/path/*txt | xargs -n1 basename

baddah 07-24-2008 05:36 AM

Quote:

Originally Posted by arungoodboy (Post 3224672)
edit: apparently basename takes only one arg. To workaround that, xargs seems to do fine:
Code:

ls /some/path/*txt | xargs -n1 basename

This works perfectly thanks. I find it a bit strange that one can't do this directly from ls,but i guess as long as there is a way do do it, all is well.

Thanks

indeliblestamp 07-24-2008 05:58 AM

If you actually cd to the folder first and then do ls, you'll get the filename like you want it. But when you pass the path to ls, it displays that path followed by the filename.

toto10 03-06-2010 06:29 PM

Another way to list files using ls using only ls
 
ls -m1

trey85stang 03-06-2010 06:47 PM

looks like ls -m1 is the weiner...

but if you need a loop to process the files.. id go like this

Code:

for f in /var/www/html/CSA20June/B_Berg/*20080620*
do
  echo ${f##/*/}
done

you could also test if $f is a direcotyr or not if you have directories you dont want to see....

Bryan H 06-14-2013 03:08 PM

Not quite
 
In ls -m1 the -m is overkill

ls -1 is what you're actually doing (-1 overrides the other parameter)

suicidaleggroll 06-14-2013 05:00 PM

Quote:

Originally Posted by Bryan H (Post 4971963)
In ls -m1 the -m is overkill

ls -1 is what you're actually doing (-1 overrides the other parameter)

Neither of those work on my machine...

Code:

$ ls /home/user/comps/srv1/chassis/*
/home/user/comps/srv1/chassis/SC846.pdf
$ ls -1 /home/user/comps/srv1/chassis/*
/home/user/comps/srv1/chassis/SC846.pdf
$ ls -m1 /home/user/comps/srv1/chassis/*
/home/user/comps/srv1/chassis/SC846.pdf
$ ls /home/user/comps/srv1/chassis/* | xargs -n1 basename
SC846.pdf

The man page for -1 says "list one file per line" and for -m says "fill width with a comma separated list of entries", neither of which claim to do what the OP is asking, and neither of which actually do what the OP is asking either (at least not on my machine).

linuxCode 06-14-2013 05:05 PM

Quote:

Originally Posted by arungoodboy (Post 3224709)
If you actually cd to the folder first and then do ls, you'll get the filename like you want it. But when you pass the path to ls, it displays that path followed by the filename.

The find command can list filenames recursively and omit the full paths by using printf

Example
Code:

find /path/to/directory/ -type f <options> -printf "%f\n"
This will go through the directory you listed including subs and show only the filenames without the full paths.

unSpawn 06-14-2013 06:53 PM

http://mywiki.wooledge.org/ParsingLs as in indeed one shouldn't use 'ls' but find.

salasi 06-16-2013 05:51 AM

Well, yes, you shouldn't really parse the output of 'ls', because it can, potentially, be quite variable over releases and with different set-ups, but just this once...

i) Does 'ls -D -1' do what you are asking for? I can't say that I know all that much about 'dired' mode, but superficially the output looks quite similar to what you are asking for, once it has been put into single column mode. Obviously, all the warnings of imminent doom, bad karma and possibly even garden gnomes and stone cladding, from the wooledge link apply.
ii) If you were going to parse the 'path...filename' output to just give 'filename', you would want to use 'basename' to strip, errr, the basename from the full path string (while busily noting, but ignoring for this application, its partner 'dirname'). I don't see any case whatever for doing this, but you should probably note the existence of basename/dirname in case that you have need of them, in future.

chrism01 06-17-2013 01:21 AM

I agree with suicidaleggroll, none of the ls switches work for what the OP asked, (inc -D -1).
Use xargs, or param expansion (post #7) or (better) find.


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