-   Linux - General (
-   -   ls = ls --color=tty (

KIRKR 02-06-2002 04:27 PM

ls = ls --color=tty
Doesanybody know where this alias is defied for root user and if the color can be chaned for the different file types??


acid_kewpie 02-06-2002 04:38 PM

mine get's defined in /etc/profile.d/

that's under mandrake 8.1. as for chanign them, look at 'man dircolors'

Syncrm 02-06-2002 04:39 PM

might be different on your box, but on my slackware system, my ls alias is defined in my /root/.bashrc file. and my colors are defined in /etc/DIR_COLORS.

it's different with different distros though.

d3funct 02-06-2002 04:44 PM

You want the /etc/dir_colors file. The following is my default /etc/dir_colors:

# Configuration file for the color ls utility
# This file goes in the /etc directory, and must be world readable.
# You can copy this file to .dir_colors in your $HOME directory to override
# the system defaults.

# COLOR needs one of these arguments: 'tty' colorizes output to ttys, but not
# pipes. 'all' adds color characters to all output. 'none' shuts colorization
# off.

# Extra command line options for ls go here.
# Basically these ones are:
# -F = show '/' for dirs, '*' for executables, etc.
# -T 0 = don't trust tab spacing when formatting ls output.

# Below, there should be one TERM entry for each termtype that is colorizable
TERM linux
TERM console
TERM con132x25
TERM con132x30
TERM con132x43
TERM con132x60
TERM con80x25
TERM con80x28
TERM con80x30
TERM con80x43
TERM con80x50
TERM con80x60
TERM cons25
TERM xterm
TERM rxvt
TERM xterm-color
TERM color-xterm
TERM vt100
TERM dtterm
TERM color_xterm

# EIGHTBIT, followed by '1' for on, '0' for off. (8-bit output)

# Below are the color init strings for the basic file types. A color init
# string consists of one or more of the following numeric codes:
# Attribute codes:
# 00=none 01=bold 04=underscore 05=blink 07=reverse 08=concealed
# Text color codes:
# 30=black 31=red 32=green 33=yellow 34=blue 35=magenta 36=cyan 37=white
# Background color codes:
# 40=black 41=red 42=green 43=yellow 44=blue 45=magenta 46=cyan 47=white
NORMAL 00 # global default, although everything should be something.
FILE 00 # normal file
DIR 01;34 # directory
LINK 01;36 # symbolic link
FIFO 40;33 # pipe
SOCK 01;35 # socket
BLK 40;33;01 # block device driver
CHR 40;33;01 # character device driver
ORPHAN 01;05;37;41 # orphaned syminks
MISSING 01;05;37;41 # ... and the files they point to

# This is for files with execute permission:
EXEC 01;32

# List any file extensions like '.gz' or '.tar' that you would like ls
# to colorize below. Put the extension, a space, and the color init string.
# (and any comments you want to add after a '#')
.cmd 01;32 # executables (bright green)
.exe 01;32
.com 01;32
.btm 01;32
.bat 01;32
.sh 01;32
.csh 01;32
.tar 01;31 # archives or compressed (bright red)
.tgz 01;31
.arj 01;31
.taz 01;31
.lzh 01;31
.zip 01;31
.z 01;31
.Z 01;31
.gz 01;31
.bz2 01;31
.bz 01;31
.tz 01;31
.rpm 01;31
.cpio 01;31
.jpg 01;35 # image formats
.gif 01;35
.bmp 01;35
.xbm 01;35
.xpm 01;35
.png 01;35
.tif 01;35

KIRKR 02-06-2002 04:45 PM

Sorry, I'm using Red Hat 7.1
I'm using Red Hat 7.1 ...

d3funct 02-06-2002 04:46 PM

FYI, this is on a RedHat 7.2 system.

KIRKR 02-06-2002 04:51 PM

I Found the /etc/DIR_COLOR file but
Where is this alias set in Red Hat 7.1???
I have looked under /root, /etc
still don't see it??

d3funct 02-06-2002 04:58 PM

I don't know if it does, but its run from a shell script calld /etc/profile.d/ which I assume you can create if it doesn't exist. Here's the script:

# color-ls initialization
eval `dircolors --sh /etc/DIR_COLORS`
[ -f "$HOME/.dircolors" ] && eval `dircolors --sh $HOME/.dircolors` && COLORS=$HOME/.dircolors
[ -f "$HOME/.dir_colors" ] && eval `dircolors --sh $HOME/.dir_colors` && COLORS=$HOME/.dir_colors

if echo $SHELL |grep bash 2>&1 >/dev/null; then # aliases are bash only
if ! egrep -qi "^COLOR.*none" $COLORS &>/dev/null; then
alias ll='ls -l --color=tty'
alias l.='ls -d .[a-zA-Z]* --color=tty'
alias ls='ls --color=tty'
alias ll='ls -l'
alias l.='ls -d .[a-zA-Z]*'

Now if you put that in the file '' in /etc/profile.d/ and put the dir_colors file in your home directory and name it .dir_colors
it should work. You can also put dir_colors in /etc/ so that there are default colors for everyone and the one in your home directory can be customized for just you.

KIRKR 02-06-2002 05:05 PM

I now know where the script is and the color setup file is. Man this site is good!!!!!:D

/etc/profile.d/ (script file)
/etc/DIR_COLORS (color de file)

Thanks again!!!!

All times are GMT -5. The time now is 01:04 AM.