In fact, it all depends on the filesystem format you're using on the shared partition. Starting from the fact that both of your OS(es) can access successfully the partition, it should work.
The only pre-requisite you have otherwise you would do the same schema, but with an esx server, is that esx server can only mount and load up images that are on a vmfs partition.
Hope I was clear. Don't hesitate to tell ask more if you don't understand, or have anymore questions.