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Introduction to Linux - A Hands on Guide
This guide was created as an overview of the Linux Operating System, geared toward new users as an exploration tour and getting started guide, with exercises at the end of each chapter.
For more advanced trainees it can be a desktop reference, and a collection of the base knowledge needed to proceed with system and network administration. This book contains many real life examples derived from the author's experience as a Linux system and network administrator, trainer and consultant. They hope these examples will help you to get a better understanding of the Linux system and that you feel encouraged to try out things on your own.
Click Here to receive this Complete Guide absolutely free.
/dev/fd0 = first floppy
/dev/fd1 = second floppy
/dev/hda = first hard drive
/dev/hda1 - hda15 partitions on the first hard drive
/dev/sda = first scsi hard drive
/dev/sda1 - sda15 partitions on first scsi h.d.
/dev/cdrom = cdrom
/dev/modem = modem (symlink to which ever com port the modem is on).
/dev/ttys0 = first com port
/dev/ttys1 = com 2
many other variations depending on your hardware.
open a file manager and browse to the directory you saved the file in and there should be a readme or install file with all the details on installing the app.
Remember the first time you used Windows? I bet many things didn't come easily, straight away! Linux is a completely different OS to Windows and learning it should not be rushed.
Before you attempt any of the following, read through it all and ask yourself - do you feel confident enough yet? If not, boot into Windows, go to a dos prompt and type fdisk /mbr. Find yourself a copy of Linux Mandrake or SuSe (preferably later versions).
Firstly, can you remember how you managed to get to a system that looks like Windows? If not, don't panic. When you load Linux, do you have a DOS-looking login prompt (i.e. is it a black screen with grey text) or are you given a graphical login? If you're given a graphical login, then there might be an option to use something called KDE (or Gnome, etc). These are the normal graphical user interfaces for Linux. If you can get this far, you're doing well.
If you're presented with a DOS-looking login prompt, and you have to type 'startx' to run the graphical portion of Linux, then things could be a little harder as you may have to manually edit config files, etc!
If you've got into Linux, and are using KDE, then the 'start' menu will be represented by a K (bottom left?). Before you try anything further, try going to K-->Documentation. There are lots of 'how-to' files here. These are extremely useful! Read the relavent ones. There should also be an icon for 'Home' on the desktop. Click it. Something that resembles explorer should load and you can navigate through your HD with this.
Now, the Linux FS is based upon Un*x, which was originally only the domain of networked PCs. Since you could access many different PCs from one work-station, the idea of 'drives' was not applicable. A seamless integration of each work-station was needed. Hence the lack of 'drives' under Linux!
If you can't find your devices (CD-rom, etc) using the above examples (/dev/XXXXX), then try navigating to /mnt. This is where you might be able to access them. Unlike Windows, in order to access a filesystem (including floppies and CDs), you must 'mount' them first. Hopefully they should automatically mount when you insert them. If not, we'll tackle that later as you shouldn't need them just yet.
Once you've got used to navigating around your HD, go to the /root directory (you must be logged in as root). If you're using the explorer-type program, try just clicking the file called ie5setup. This should run it. File extensions are not really needed under Linux. Everything is treated as a text file (including deviced) unless told to do otherwise. Under Windows, you can assign the Hidden, System, Readonly (and Archive). Under Linux, you also have ownership (i.e. who created the file) and eXecute.
I seriously recommend that once you've got this far, if you've not done so already, read lots of how-to files. If you can't find them, you could read the MAN files (but they're a little bit more techie). Run a terminal window (there should be a little icon on the bottom of the screen, on the 'taskbar' that looks a bit like the old MSDOS icon for Windows) and type man followed by the command you want to learn. I suggest you try man mount. Once you've learned how to mount/unmount things (and if you still haven't got the how-to files), insert your RedHat install CD, navigate to it and find the how-to files.
As mentioned earlier, if you login to a dos-looking screen, then things may be a little more difficult. Please post a reply with as much information as you can, this will help greatly:
Are you presented with a text-based login?
Can you remember if you selected 'IceWM', or anything similar when you installed RH?
All I can say is, Linux is not user friendly. If you want an OS to do everything for you, then stick with Windows. If you want full control and know how everything works that Windows does not show you, then go with Linux.
Patience is great when working with Linux. Take your time and you will get the hang of it if you don't give up.
I was where you are, about 3-4 weeks ago. At this point I have a functional system - web, email, office apps (word processor, spreadsheet, database, presentations), sound, printer, and LAN. Still have a lot to learn, but with some patience it can be done - and I'm a 43 year old who does this stuff in my spare time, of which there is precious little.
To the point - you say you are using Redhat 6.x - so am I. There are 2 "desktops" that are loaded by default, one is Gnome, the other is AnotherLevel. You refer to a start button. What is on the start button? If it looks like a foot, you are in Gnome. The file manager in Gnome is called gmc and usualyy starts with Gnome. It is also on the Utilities menu, as I recall.
If there is a K on the start button, you are running KDE. I don't, so you'll need help from someone else for that one.
AnotherLevel doesn't give you a start button - it gives a popup menu that appears when you left click the desktop.
SO, let's start with figuring out where you are, then we can help you get where you want to go.
Strongly recommend you get a decent book. I like Teach Yourself Linux from IDG. I did NOT like Learning Debian/GNU Linux from O'Reilly, which came with Debian Linux, but did not cover such basic tasks as installing a printer or sound card.
There is a feeling of accomplishment as you get further into this. Don't give up.
Like a lot of other people used to pointing and clicking with windows you are now experiencing that linux is not the same. However, The internet is full of information that will help answer your questions. This particular forum is very helpful and you can probably find a lug (linux users group) in your area.
Sounds like you really need to read whatever manuals came with your distro, the man pages and the how-to's. I don't know of anyone here who came from windows to linux and figured it out in one afternoon. I think everyone here is still learning as we go on.
All of the members here that responded to your post gave you some sound advice, it would help you alot to follow some of it.
Like I said in my earlier post. M$ doesn't usually make apps for Linux. So if they developed something for Solaris, which is different from Linux, why would it work well under Linux? I wouldn't go for what M$ says on that one, since you know they are trying to persuade the government that open source software is bad business.