Desktop lost and many GUI applications do not work
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So the GUI starts ok (although slow) and you're missing the items from your desktop? If I were to take a guess I'd try renaming the Desktop directory in my home and restarting. Hopefully KDE will just make a new Desktop directory for you... then copy the contents from the old into the new and cross your fingers.
How did you install xchm.rpm? Did you force it?
As jimdaworm said, are you getting any error messages?
yes i'm missing items from my desktop.
ok,concerning the xchm.rpm i did not finish its installation because of those pblms,i installed many applications that were requiered for the xchm(dependencies),but i got no error message,during the installtion suddenlly the rpm manager would not work.
for the pblm of desktop has occured before installing xchm using rpms,i was installing it using sources code files, you know (./configure then make....)once i was installing, i think the atk or the cairo ,it sends a message from the configure, saying that i should give path, where applications are installed,to the /etc/ld.so.conf so i added those 2 lines
after that i turned my pc off,the next boot i got a window message(i did not remember what was written on it)so after that i lost my desktop.
ok i'm going to try what you told me then answer you
pls how can i at least make my kde envirement launch rapidally and automatically, coz i always open a new shell(Ctrl+Alt+F1)
then log in as oot then type kde command then get back to the GUI envierement.
Oh yeah, *duh*, you indicated you updated /etc/ld.so.conf. Did you update the linker cache with ldconfig after you did this?
Chances are, there are new hooks installed into KDM that cannot execute because the dynamic linker cannot find the required libraries -- hence the long wait time before it gives up.
ldconfig -vNX | tee ~/ldconfig.test.txt
as root and see what the output is. If it indicates it is updating the cache (adding some libraries), then most likely this is the case.
The above command will not actually update the linker cache. This is a "dry run" of sorts.
If you are uncertain, then post the ~/ldconfig.test.txt here.
If you want to go ahead with it, then just run
ldconfig -v | tee ~/ldconfig.run.txt
after you have backed up the linker cache (/etc/ld.so.cache).
Be forwarned that you installed some stuff from source. I highly recommend you go back to those install directories and uninstall before you try this because RPM should take care of the linker, anyway. In general, those systems with a package manager, you should use that facility to install software as the first choice. Otherwise, you're making your life a little more difficult.