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Old 02-19-2003, 02:38 PM   #1
Mimicafe
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bash: shutdown: command not found


Hello everyone!

Just wondering why Redhat 8.0 refuses to execute most standard linux commands. On trying the following commands(ifconfig, init 0 or shutdown), Redhat returns "bash: <command>: command not found".

I say what the heal is Redhat saying? If a linux machine can't execute these commands, which OS then? I understand these commands are standard and should work with all Linux distributions. I tried them on SUSE and they worked alright.

What am I doing wrong? Do I need to be in a specific directory to execute particular commands? I know most commands need root
rights.

thanks for your help.

 
Old 02-19-2003, 02:50 PM   #2
crokett
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Have you tried su to root and running the commands? If not, try that. The path to the commands may also not be in your path environment variable.
 
Old 02-19-2003, 04:29 PM   #3
crichards
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Most distros don't add /sbin and /usr/sbin to the user path. It is on the root path, however.

Try running /sbin/shutdown or /sbin/ifconfig. That will work. You do need to be root (sudo is my favorite way)
 
Old 02-19-2003, 05:26 PM   #4
cuckoopint
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really sounds like a permissions problem. try to run these commands as root. if this works, and you use these commands often as a normal user look into suid/gid and sudo
 
Old 02-20-2003, 02:37 PM   #5
Mimicafe
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I always run commands as root but they refuse to work. I tried running ifconfig from the directories suggested by crichards, but still get ''bash: ifconfig: command not found". I also tried to run init 6 but failed. The only commands that worksout on my machine are: reboot and halt. For all other commands, it fails.

How do I go about adding the path in the environment variable?
 
Old 02-20-2003, 04:59 PM   #6
crichards
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chmod +x /sbin/whatever.

Then try running it.
 
Old 02-20-2003, 05:11 PM   #7
cuckoopint
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check what you're path is:
"$PATH"

also, the path is not the problem if the command does not run at all. Did you try a full path? (ie. /sbin/shutdown)
 
Old 02-23-2003, 02:44 AM   #8
rch
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Quote:
Originally posted by Mimicafe
I always run commands as root but they refuse to work. I tried running ifconfig from the directories suggested by crichards, but still get ''bash: ifconfig: command not found". I also tried to run init 6 but failed. The only commands that worksout on my machine are: reboot and halt. For all other commands, it fails.

How do I go about adding the path in the environment variable?
well
$echo $PATH
prints you the current path
if you want to add extra path such as /usr/sbin
then type
$export PATH=$PATH:/usr/sbin
to see your current environmental variables(one of which is path)
type
$env
keep posted
 
  


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