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LFS is a project that provides you with the steps necessary to build your own custom Linux system.

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Old 12-02-2004, 05:31 AM   #1
DaZjorz
LQ Newbie
 
Registered: Nov 2004
Distribution: SuSE, LMC
Posts: 23

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/tools/bin/env: /tools/bin/bash: No such file or directory


Hello,

I am making my own Linux distro LMC and I've got some problems.

Untill now i had a few problems and errors, but they all got fixed by searching on the internet and on fora etc... but this problem is a little more hard.

I made a file; this is the content:

Code:
mount proc $LFS/proc -t proc
mount devpts $LFS/dev/pts -t devpts
echo "Proc and Devpts mounted. Now going into the Chroot Environment.......";
chroot "$LFS" /tools/bin/env -i \
    HOME=/root TERM="$TERM" PS1='\u:\w\$ ' \
    PATH=/bin:/usr/bin:/sbin:/usr/sbin:/tools/bin \
    /tools/bin/bash --login +h
echo "Choot Environment Loaded!";
Now when I try to load this, it gives out this:


Code:
Proc and Devpts mounted. Now going into the Chroot Environment.......
/tools/bin/env: /tools/bin/bash: No such file or directory
Choot Environment Loaded!
When I go to / i just see my old root.
When I go to /tools/bin then "find *bash* then the program bash exists. When I try to run it i get this prompt:
Code:
bash-2.05b#
When I run "bash --login +h" then it gives this prompt:
Code:
linux-dazjorz:/tools/bin #
(so exactly the same)

My host distro is SuSE.

Can you help me?

This is the first time I use LFS, so i'm kinda a ...

Thanks a lot!

DaZjorz

Edit: I am using the LFS book and i'm on chapter 6 at the chroot page.

Last edited by DaZjorz; 12-02-2004 at 06:40 AM.
 
Old 12-02-2004, 07:15 AM   #2
DaZjorz
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Registered: Nov 2004
Distribution: SuSE, LMC
Posts: 23

Original Poster
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By the way, once its working i will try to remember that i have to post the solution on the form. i'll be trying some IRC channels too...

Could you please, please, please answer if you know the solution?

Thanks
DaZjorz
 
Old 12-02-2004, 10:51 AM   #3
tvburger
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Registered: Nov 2004
Location: the Netherlands
Distribution: gentoo/ubuntu
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whats the output of "find / -name bash". (in chroot env)

Probably bash is in /bin.
 
Old 12-02-2004, 11:12 AM   #4
DaZjorz
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Registered: Nov 2004
Distribution: SuSE, LMC
Posts: 23

Original Poster
Rep: Reputation: 15
Red face

Well, I can't really get in chroot. I have never been in chroot before. If I do it with the "/tools/bin/bash --login +h", then it gives the error and / is still exactly the same:

Code:
linux-dazjorz:/ # dir
total 157876
drwxr-xr-x   23 root     root         4096 Dec  2 09:28 .
drwxr-xr-x   23 root     root         4096 Dec  2 09:28 ..
drwxr-xr-x    3 root     root         4096 Nov 28 13:59 bin
drwxr-xr-x    3 root     root         4096 Nov 30 11:52 boot
drwxr-xr-x    2 root     root         4096 Nov 27 09:46 data1
drwxr-xr-x   32 root     root        73728 Dec  2 17:28 dev
drwxr-xr-x    5 root     root         4096 Nov 28 16:36 drives
drwxr-xr-x   74 root     root         8192 Dec  2 18:06 etc
drwxr-xr-x    4 root     root         4096 Nov 29 15:13 home
-rw-------    1 root     root     15165440 Nov 29 21:10 konqueror9B57uc.2.8.tar
-rw-r--r--    1 root     root     134440960 Nov 29 13:51 lfs-packages-5.1.1.tar
drwxr-xr-x   10 root     root         4096 Nov 28 14:01 lib
drwx------    2 root     root        16384 Nov 27 09:46 lost+found
drwxr-xr-x    5 root     root         4096 Sep 23  2003 media
drwxr-xr-x    2 root     root         4096 Sep 23  2003 mnt
drwxr-xr-x   18 8037     users        4096 Dec  1 21:09 ncurses-5.4
-rw-r--r--    1 root     root     11690496 Dec  1 21:08 ncurses-5.4.tar
drwxr-xr-x    9 root     root         4096 Nov 28 12:17 opt
dr-xr-xr-x  105 root     root            0 Dec  2 09:27 proc
drwx------   39 root     root         4096 Dec  2 18:06 root
drwxr-xr-x    3 root     root         8192 Nov 28 12:41 sbin
drwxr-xr-x    4 root     root         4096 Nov 27 09:47 srv
drwxrwxrwt   32 root     root         4096 Dec  2 18:03 tmp
lrwxrwxrwx    1 root     root           23 Nov 29 15:11 tools -> /drives/lmc-linux/tools
drwxr-xr-x   14 root     root         4096 Dec  1 21:14 usr
drwxr-xr-x   17 root     root         4096 Nov 28 14:26 var
drwxrwxrwx   13 root     root         4096 Nov 29 21:11 xmms-1.2.8
Well, if I do it without the bash script then output is exactly the same.
By the way, is CHROOT a package? cuz that may be the reason, i'm not sure if i have it. But then it would say that it didnt had any command 'chroot' and it doesn't.

Output of "find / -name bash":
it's still working but untill now it gave these:
Code:
/usr/share/doc/packages/bash
/bin/bash
/drives/windowsxp/Cygwin/packages/ftp%3a%2f%2fsunsite.icm.edu.pl%2fpub%2fcygnus%2fcygwin/release/bash

But "bash" is not really in /bin because if i go to /tools/bin then do "find bash" then it does say that bash exists:
Code:
linux-dazjorz:/tools/bin # find *bash*
bash
bashbug
Help me please!

EDIT:
Code:
linux-dazjorz:/bin # find *bash*
bash
So BASH is AND in /tools/bin AND in /bin (i guess thats normal, since i think i'm still out of chroot environment)

I'll try to search tha web for a package named CHROOT to see if it's working then.

Last edited by DaZjorz; 12-02-2004 at 11:15 AM.
 
Old 12-03-2004, 03:50 AM   #5
tvburger
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Registered: Nov 2004
Location: the Netherlands
Distribution: gentoo/ubuntu
Posts: 11

Rep: Reputation: 0
Hi,

chroot is a command that comes from coreutils. You can find the website at http://www.gnu.org/software/coreutil...ls.html#SEC144


Futher the manpages explain: (man chroot)

For example, if you create a statically linked `ls' executable, and
put it in /tmp/empty, you can run this command as root:

$ chroot /tmp/empty /ls -Rl /

Then you'll see output like this:

/:
total 1023
-rwxr-xr-x 1 0 0 1041745 Aug 16 11:17 ls

So if you do:

chroot /drives/lmc-linux /tools/bin/bash
it should work...

If you can't tackle the problem, try it without a script. Try to do the problem given in the manual (man chroot).

- Tom
 
Old 12-03-2004, 11:55 AM   #6
DaZjorz
LQ Newbie
 
Registered: Nov 2004
Distribution: SuSE, LMC
Posts: 23

Original Poster
Rep: Reputation: 15
Thanks a lot for your reply!

You inspired me to test some thingies with the chroot command. I made a new file, testchroot, it has this contents:
Code:
mount proc $LFS/proc -t proc
mount devpts $LFS/dev/pts -t devpts
echo "Proc and Devpts mounted. Now going into the Chroot Environment.......";
chroot "$LFS" /tools/bin/env -i \
    HOME=/root TERM="$TERM" PS1='\u:\w\$ ' \
    PATH=/bin:/usr/bin:/sbin:/usr/sbin:/tools/bin \
    dir /

echo "Choot Environment Loaded!";
So now it loads proc and devpts again, and then it does dir in root. It gives this output:
Code:
Proc and Devpts mounted. Now going into the Chroot Environment.......
binutils-build  dobash          lfs-packages-5.1.1.tar  sources  startchroot  tools
dev             lfs-5.1.1.wget  proc                    src      testchroot   yorinfmbroad.asx
Choot Environment Loaded!
(this gives the same output as when i do dir in /drives/lmc-linux)

Which means that it actually does work. I'll change testchroot to make it do "dir /tools/bin" instead. Gives this output:

Code:
Proc and Devpts mounted. Now going into the Chroot Environment.......
[             catchsegv  env         grep                         localedef  msguniq        pwd       sum       wc
addr2line     cc         envsubst    groups                       locate     mtrace         ranlib    sync      who
ar            chgrp      expand      gunzip                       logname    mv             readelf   tac       whoami
arch          chmod      expect      gzexe                        ls         ngettext       readlink  tail      xargs
as            chown      expr        gzip                         make       nice           rm        tar       xgettext
autopoint     chroot     factor      head                         md5sum     nl             rmdir     tclsh     xtrace
awk           cksum      false       hostid                       mkdir      nm             rpcgen    tclsh8.4  yes
basename      cmp        fgrep       hostname                     mkfifo     nohup          runtest   tee       zcat
bash          comm       find        i686-pc-linux-gnu-c++        mknod      objcopy        sdiff     test      zcmp
bashbug       cp         fmt         i686-pc-linux-gnu-g++        more       objdump        sed       touch     zdiff
bunzip2       cpp        fold        i686-pc-linux-gnu-gcc        mount      od             seq       tr        zegrep
bzcat         csplit     g++         i686-pc-linux-gnu-gcc-3.3.3  msgattrib  paste          sh        true      zfgrep
bzcmp         cut        gawk        iconv                        msgcat     patch          sha1sum   tsort     zforce
bzdiff        date       gawk-3.1.3  id                           msgcmp     pathchk        shred     tty       zgrep
bzegrep       dd         gcc         igawk                        msgcomm    pcprofiledump  size      tzselect  zless
bzfgrep       df         gccbug      install                      msgconv    perl           sleep     umount    zmore
bzgrep        diff       gcov        join                         msgen      pgawk          sort      uname     znew
bzip2         diff3      gencat      kill                         msgexec    pgawk-3.1.3    split     unexpand
bzip2recover  dir        getconf     ld                           msgfilter  pinky          sprof     uniq
bzless        dircolors  getent      ldd                          msgfmt     pod2man        stat      unlink
bzmore        dirname    gettext     lddlibc4                     msggrep    pr             strings   updatedb
c++           du         gettext.sh  link                         msginit    printenv       strip     uptime
c++filt       echo       gettextize  ln                           msgmerge   printf         stty      users
cat           egrep      gprof       locale                       msgunfmt   ptx            su        vdir
Choot Environment Loaded!
As you see, 'bash' exists.
So I tried to make a dobash file in the /drives/lmc-linux directory.
I made the command "/./dobash"; gives the output

Code:
Proc and Devpts mounted. Now going into the Chroot Environment.......
/tools/bin/env: /./dobash: No such file or directory
Choot Environment Loaded!
With the command as "./dobash" it gives this output:

Code:
Proc and Devpts mounted. Now going into the Chroot Environment.......
/tools/bin/env: ./dobash: No such file or directory
Choot Environment Loaded!
Which actually means that the 'chroot' command works, but it can't run any file. Correction -- it can't FIND any file.

Maybe i'll just make a file dobash in the current, normal root.

doing command: "cp dobash /"
Trying startchroot:

Code:
Proc and Devpts mounted. Now going into the Chroot Environment.......
/tools/bin/env: ./dobash: No such file or directory
Choot Environment Loaded!
ONE NOTE: Each time (except for the first time) it tells me that proc and devpts are already mounted, i do not show them between the CODE tags because its not the problem, i think. Its normal, so that's not the problem.

Okay. So now I can chroot but I can't run any commands. What if I try to modify the chroot command in a way that it doesn't chroot "$LFS" but it chroots "/drives/lmc-linux"...
...
...
Gives the same output.

But... Hmm... it is "/drives/lmc-linux" in the command. If i make it /drives/lmc-linux (so without the "") then it gives ...
...
...
The same output.

Do you know what the problem is now?

Thanks,
DaZjorz.
 
Old 12-03-2004, 12:04 PM   #7
DaZjorz
LQ Newbie
 
Registered: Nov 2004
Distribution: SuSE, LMC
Posts: 23

Original Poster
Rep: Reputation: 15
Here comes a very large thingy. Maybe it could help you.
If I run "chroot /drives/lmc-linux /tools/bin/env" it gives this output:
Code:
LESSKEY=/etc/lesskey.bin
MANPATH=/usr/share/man:/usr/local/man:/usr/X11R6/man:/opt/gnome/man
INFODIR=/usr/local/info:/usr/share/info:/usr/info
NNTPSERVER=news
KDE_MULTIHEAD=false
HOSTNAME=linux-dazjorz
XKEYSYMDB=/usr/X11R6/lib/X11/XKeysymDB
GPG_AGENT_INFO=/tmp/gpg-ymNe7W/S.gpg-agent:2184:1
SHELL=/bin/bash
TERM=xterm
HOST=linux-dazjorz
STYLE=keramik
XDM_MANAGED=/var/run/xdmctl/xdmctl-:0,maysd,mayfn,sched,rsvd
HISTSIZE=1000
PROFILEREAD=true
{Using newlines, line too long}
GTK2_RC_FILES=/etc/opt/gnome/gtk-2.0/gtkrc:
/opt/gnome/share/themes/Geramik/gtk-2.0/gtkrc:
/root/.gtkrc-2.0-keramik:
/root/.kde/share/config/gtkrc
GTK_RC_FILES=/etc/opt/gnome/gtk/gtkrc:
/opt/gnome/share/themes/Geramik/gtk/gtkrc:
/root/.gtkrc-keramik:/root/.kde/share/config/gtkrc
{normal from now on}
GNOME_PATH=:/opt/gnome:/usr
KDEHOME=/root/.kde
XSESSION_IS_UP=yes
KDE_FULL_SESSION=true
USER=root
JRE_HOME=/usr/lib/java/jre
LS_COLORS=no=00:fi=00:di=01;34:ln=00;36:pi=40;33:so=01; {.. edit: line too long }
OPENWINHOME=/usr/openwin
XNLSPATH=/usr/X11R6/lib/X11/nls
LFS=/drives/lmc-linux
HOSTTYPE=i386
KDEROOTHOME=/root/.kde
SESSION_MANAGER=local/linux-dazjorz:/tmp/.ICE-unix/2230
PAGER=less
LD_HWCAP_MASK=0x20000000
MINICOM=-c on
KONSOLE_DCOP=DCOPRef(konsole-2358,konsole)
{using newlines because otherwise this line is way too long}
PATH=/sbin:/usr/sbin:/usr/local/sbin:
/root/bin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/bin:/usr/X11R6/bin:
/bin:/usr/games:/opt/gnome/bin:/opt/kde3/bin:
/usr/lib/java/jre/bin:.
{going normal from now}
GNOMEDIR=/opt/gnome
CPU=i686
JAVA_BINDIR=/usr/lib/java/jre/bin
PWD=/drives/lmc-linux
INPUTRC=/etc/inputrc
KONSOLE_DCOP_SESSION=DCOPRef(konsole-2358,session-1)
JAVA_HOME=/usr/lib/java/jre
XMODIFIERS=@im=local
TEXINPUTS=::/root/.TeX:/usr/share/doc/.TeX:/usr/doc/.TeX:/root/.TeX:/usr/share/doc/.TeX:/usr/doc/.TeX
HOME=/root
SHLVL=3
OSTYPE=linux
LESS_ADVANCED_PREPROCESSOR=no
XCURSOR_THEME=blueprint-cursor-theme
no_proxy=localhost
LS_OPTIONS=-a -N --color=tty -T 0
WINDOWMANAGER=/usr/X11R6/bin/kde
LOGNAME=root
MACHTYPE=i686-suse-linux
LESS=-M -I
CVS_RSH=ssh
LC_CTYPE=en_US
LESSOPEN=lessopen.sh %s
PKG_CONFIG_PATH=/opt/gnome/lib/pkgconfig
USE_FAM=
INFOPATH=/usr/local/info:/usr/share/info:/usr/info
ACLOCAL_PATH=/opt/gnome/share/aclocal
DISPLAY=:0.0
LESSCLOSE=lessclose.sh %s %s
G_BROKEN_FILENAMES=1
COLORTERM=
JAVA_ROOT=/usr/lib/java
_=/usr/bin/chroot
OLDPWD=/

Last edited by DaZjorz; 12-03-2004 at 12:13 PM.
 
Old 12-03-2004, 12:09 PM   #8
DaZjorz
LQ Newbie
 
Registered: Nov 2004
Distribution: SuSE, LMC
Posts: 23

Original Poster
Rep: Reputation: 15
One thingy more. I'll just start developing LMC like this:

i'll make a file runchrootcommand with this contents:

Code:
mount proc $LFS/proc -t proc 
mount devpts $LFS/dev/pts -t devpts 
echo "Proc and Devpts mounted. Now going into the Chroot Environment......."; 
chroot /drives/lmc-linux /tools/bin/env -i \ 
    HOME=/root TERM="$TERM" PS1='\u:\w\$ ' \ 
    PATH=/bin:/usr/bin:/sbin:/usr/sbin:/tools/bin \ 
    $COMMAND 
echo "Command done.";
Then I can do this:
export COMMAND=/the/command/i/want
./runchrootcommand

Well at least I think i can do that. I'll test it.

Edit: Nope.

Last edited by DaZjorz; 12-03-2004 at 12:57 PM.
 
Old 12-03-2004, 12:19 PM   #9
DaZjorz
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Registered: Nov 2004
Distribution: SuSE, LMC
Posts: 23

Original Poster
Rep: Reputation: 15
What is /tools/bin/env for a kind of program? It runs in each time chroot runs. Would be like 'environment' or something. Maybe the error is in there..?
 
Old 12-04-2004, 05:32 AM   #10
DaZjorz
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Registered: Nov 2004
Distribution: SuSE, LMC
Posts: 23

Original Poster
Rep: Reputation: 15
Guys, I asked this question on an IRC forum and people told me to do chapter 4 and 5 all over. It costs a lot of time but i hope it will work then.

Thanks for your help!
 
Old 12-04-2004, 02:47 PM   #11
tvburger
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Registered: Nov 2004
Location: the Netherlands
Distribution: gentoo/ubuntu
Posts: 11

Rep: Reputation: 0
Hi,

1 ENV
--------
You can always gain information on a command using the man pages or the info pages.
When finding some details for eg "env":

"man env" or "info env"

-- info env --
If no command name is specified following the environment
specifications, the resulting environment is printed. This is like
specifying a command name of `printenv'.
----

2 MOUNT OF PROC AND DEVPTS
----------------------------------------
When invoking your script multiple (this case 2) times it will result in:

mount proc $LFS/proc -t proc
mount devpts $LFS/dev/pts -t devpts
echo "Proc and Devpts mounted. Now going into the Chroot Environment.......";
chroot /drives/lmc-linux /tools/bin/env -i \
HOME=/root TERM="$TERM" PS1='\u:\w\$ ' \
PATH=/bin:/usr/bin:/sbin:/usr/sbin:/tools/bin \
$COMMAND
echo "Command done.";
mount proc $LFS/proc -t proc
mount devpts $LFS/dev/pts -t devpts
echo "Proc and Devpts mounted. Now going into the Chroot Environment.......";
chroot /drives/lmc-linux /tools/bin/env -i \
HOME=/root TERM="$TERM" PS1='\u:\w\$ ' \
PATH=/bin:/usr/bin:/sbin:/usr/sbin:/tools/bin \
$COMMAND
echo "Command done.";

As you can see, you''ll mount 2 times proc and devpts:

mount proc $LFS/proc -t proc
mount devpts $LFS/dev/pts -t devpts
...
mount proc $LFS/proc -t proc
mount devpts $LFS/dev/pts -t devpts

This is of course generates that error. Just mount it 1 time. Dont do it in your script. You don't need any script... As I will explain.

You can check if the proc and devpts are mounted by the command "mount" or looking in the file "/etc/mtab".

3 CHROOT PROBLEM
--------------------------
Normally one will only chroot 1 time, executing a shell (eg bash). Then all commands entered in this bash session are executed in the chroot environment. This is what you like. If you want multiple commands to execute without user intervention you can make a bashscript and run this. Eg:

--script-for-chroot.sh--
#!/bin/bash
echo "Now in chroot environment"
echo "Your new environment is: "
env
echo "Leaving chroot environment"
-----------------------------

Does this work in on your system?

chroot "$LFS" /tools/bin/env -i \
HOME=/root TERM="$TERM" PS1='\u:\w\$ ' \
PATH=/bin:/usr/bin:/sbin:/usr/sbin:/tools/bin \
bash --login +h

I think it should...

greets, Tom
 
Old 12-04-2004, 03:15 PM   #12
Andrew Benton
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Registered: Aug 2003
Location: Birkenhead/Britain
Distribution: Linux From Scratch
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Just a few observations. If you want to build a Linux system automatically why don't you use Gentoo? Linux From Scratch is really for people who want to take the time to learn how linux works.
If you don't put && at the end of every line the script will go down the list of commands and execute each of them in turn whether or not the previous one succeeded so just because it prints out whatever doesn't mean the previous commands worked.
How can a script enter chroot? That doesn't make sense. You start running the script on a bash binary on your host computer and then expect it to pass control to a new binary in the chroot environment and continue running the script from the same point? Automated Linux From Scratch has an application that's capable of this if you're interested. It uses xml scripts to control it.
 
Old 12-04-2004, 03:32 PM   #13
tvburger
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Location: the Netherlands
Distribution: gentoo/ubuntu
Posts: 11

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I meant:

script: in your new environment is called: dosomething.sh

and then

chroot /mnt/lfs /bin/dosomething.sh

- Tom
 
Old 12-04-2004, 06:44 PM   #14
Andrew Benton
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Indeed, your post is clear and helpful and makes perfect sense. It wasn't you I was ranting against, tvburger. I'm sorry if I caused any offence.
 
Old 07-22-2005, 10:37 AM   #15
satimis
Senior Member
 
Registered: Apr 2003
Posts: 3,426

Rep: Reputation: 53
Hi folks,

LFS 6.1
FC3 Host

I ran to the same problem;
[root@localhost ~]# chroot "$LFS" /tools/bin/env -i HOME=/root TERM="$TERM" PS1='\u:\w\$ ' PATH=/bin:/usr/bin:/sbin:/usr/sbin:/tools/bin /tools/bin/bash --login +h
Code:
/tools/bin/env: /tools/bin/bash: No such file or directory
I have been searching around for a solution without result. I made following tests;

[root@localhost ~]# readelf -l /bin/dmesg | grep interpreter
[Requesting program interpreter: /lib/ld-linux.so.2]

[root@localhost ~]# find / -name bash
Code:
/root/bash
/root/Desktop/Trash/bash-3.0/bash
/mnt/lfs/sources/bash-3.0/bash
/mnt/lfs/tools/bin/bash
/bin/bash
Please help. TIA.

B.R.
satimis
 
  


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