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Linux - Embedded & Single-board computer This forum is for the discussion of Linux on both embedded devices and single-board computers (such as the Raspberry Pi, BeagleBoard and PandaBoard). Discussions involving Arduino, plug computers and other micro-controller like devices are also welcome.


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Old 07-21-2008, 01:39 PM   #1
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embedded modules -cross compile !

when compiling a module to my PC i type:
gcc -O2 -D__KERNEL__ -DMODULE -I/usr/src/linux/include -c helloworld_module.c -o helloworld_module.o
for cross compiling how is going to be the compiling command? is it just replacing "gcc" with e.g. "arm-linux-gcc" ???
Old 07-22-2008, 07:31 AM   #2
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Only if you built an 'arm-linux-gcc' or can install it as a package on your distro.

Otherwise I'd suggest going to the Linux From Scratch site and following the link to the CLFS project; read the section on setting up the cross-compiler. Note that CLFS uses the 'uClibc' library rather than 'glibc', so don't follow the instructions exactly unless you're also building for uClibc.

The steps go something like this:
1. Build a cross-compiler:
- BUILD is the architecture of the machine running the compiler to build the other compiler
- HOST is the machine which will ultimately run the program being built (the compiler)
- TARGET is the machine which you want the compiler (which is being built here) to build for - ARM (check for typical 'triplets')
Confusing enough yet? I hope I didn't mix up 'HOST' and 'TARGET' ... you'll find out soon enough I guess ...
2. Build the C library 'glibc' or 'uClibc' are both popular; uClibc if space is important to you; glibc is enormous. See the CLFS docs for tips on how to do it. You need system headers from the linux kernel - this is just the public API, not the kernel's private headers.
3. Rebuild the cross-compiler; now you can rebuild the tools to use only the specially built C library. There is some hacking involved so that, for example, the linker doesn't attempt to link to /lib/

And there you have it - oh - just to keep things safe, it's useful to have a user account exclusively for cross-compiling; that way the environment can be set up to avoid a few annoying traps (mostly related to linking or accidentally running the wrong compiler).

Have fun. Since building the cross-compiler is such a big job the first time you do it, keep plenty notes - better still, write a script as you go along so it can all be rebuilt at the push of a button. The same goes for building the libs - and for that matter, any other software you may build with the cross-compiler.
Old 07-22-2008, 08:31 PM   #3
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i have a cross compiler(arm-linux-gcc) that works fine with my embedded platform.
but for example;
a hello_world module on my PC is compiled using the "make" on the makefile.
how can i build a module on my PC using (cross compiler that i have ) and run it on my embedded board?


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