That error message sounds like a date problem, so a BIOS update may be necessary. If you give the name and model/manufacturer of the computer, some on here may be able to help. The age of the bios seems to be too old to allow the installation to continue.
As for the GUI, all distributions of Linux basically come with the same or a very similar choices. The hardware does not sound too old (compared to what I've heard some people running on), so one of the more lightweight options might be a good idea. If you want to stick with Ubuntu, I would recommend xubuntu, which comes with the xfce packages. This can be found here
. If you find this too slow, you could try something even lighter, like icewm.
The goal of IceWM is speed, simplicity, and not getting in the user's way
Linux will run on your sytem, however old it is, despite the loss of graphical performance.
You may also find this thread on another forum useful http://lists.centos.org/pipermail/ce...er/054114.html
Also, when booting for an install, try typing
To deactivate acpi. Hopefully this will kill the error.