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On Debian we don't use /mnt/cdrom, we use /cdrom. Do you have a separate filesystem/tree/disk for the Debian(Knoppix) install from other o/s's currently installed? Are you sharing partitions? Let's see your /etc/fstab WHILE in Debian (and if you dualboot RH or other Linux, when booted in that too), and the contents of GRUB's grub.conf (or menu.lst, whatever it is these days).
Those /cdrom and /mnt/cdrom folders WILL be empty if you have an audio cd in. Have you tried playing cd's from the command line?
To be honest, this is a new one to me. But like all problems, its solvable.
To be honest, Gnoppix is the distro. I got least to use of them all.
One impression, though:
unless your German is bloody good, you might need a little dictionary by your side; I got the feeling they didn't cover all menus and submenus, so some things are still there in my rusty German (been studying German for so long I can't believe my command of this is crap).
Anyway, why not an HDD install of Knoppix and then maybe switching to Gnome?
That could work. How long does the Knoppix hdinstall take? A Debian install is done in 20 minutes w/broadband. I don't use GNOME or KDE as DE's, but I do use alot of their programs (quanta+ from KDE, galeon from GNOME). My Windowmanager of choice is Openbox3 (http://www.icculus.org/openbox) which is in Debian Unstable. I only want a root menu, a bsetbg background and no icons.
But that's what rocks about Linux: the choices are wide and different with each new project.
to dist-upgrade you change the instance of "stable" to "testing" (to move to Sarge) or "unstable" to move to Sid.
SO editing the /etc/apt/sources.list and doing apt-get update && apt-get dist-upgrade will move all installed packages up to their Sarge/Sid counterpart, and freshen the packages archive. THEN, doing apt-get install gnome would indeed install Gnome 2.4.
apt-get upgrade upgrades packages
apt-get dist-upgrade upgrades the distro flavor from stable to testing/unstable.