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To install a new package, it is just as it ever was, apt-get install <package>. If the package exists in Stable, then that is what it will grab. If the package exists only in Unstable, then from Unstable it will be gotten.
What if the package exists in both Stable and Unstable, but we want the Unstable version? There are two ways we can do that, each with a slightly different syntax, and each with a slightly different effect.
apt-get install <package>/unstable
This will install the unstable version of the package, and try to meet any dependencies from Stable. This may not work, but it will tell you why:
Now the bootcd package is in both stable and testing, then why did it get downloaded from testing??
yea, it's true, you are giving priority to stable. But i think the bootcd is much latest in testing then the bootcd of stable. That's why it's taking the bootcd from testing. Can you please inform the booth version of bootcd ?
Yes it is spelled correctly and I run apt-get update everytime
Yes I will add those line in the apt.conf file and see if it still downloads packages from etch instead of stable.
EDIT: Also of Pinning is specific to package, then why did the specific package bootcd got installed from etch.
Well I went one step ahead. I changed all the instances of Sarge with Stable and Etch with testing in the /etc/apt/preferences, /etc/apt/sources.lst, /etc/apt/apt.conf. And now apt-get downloads package from stable instead of testing.
How do you explain this???
According to Debian Doc, Stable is just a pointer to Sarge and it should not matter what name you give?