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Terminal ගැන වැඩි විස්තර...

Posted 05-02-2012 at 02:25 PM by sunjayasri

Terminal යනු ඔබ අප වින්ඩෝස් (Windows)OS හී පාවිච්චි කරනු ලබන කමාන්ඩ්ප්*රොම්ට් වැනි කොන්සෝල් එකකි.

මෙමගින් ලිනක්ස් තුලදී අත්කරගත හැකි ප්*රයෝජන රාශියක් ඇත..

01.)මුදෘකාංග ඇතුලත් (Install) කර ගැනීම
02.)පද්ධතිය මෙහෙයවීම (Manage Operating System)
03.)ගොනු පාලනය (File management)

ඒ ප්*රයෝජන අතරින් කිහිපයකි...

පහතින් දැක්වෙන්නේ මෙහි යොදා ගන්නා ලබන විශේෂිත සලකුනු හා ඒවායේ අර්ථ දැක්වීම් වේ...

\ = Escape character. If you want to reference a special character, you must “escape” it
with a backslash first. Example:touch /tmp/filename\*

/ = Directory separator, used to separate a string of directory names. Example:/usr/src/linux

. = Current directory. Can also “hide” files when it is the first character in a filename.

.. = Parent directory

~ = User's home directory

* = Represents 0 or more characters in a filename, or by itself, all files in a directory.

? = Represents a single character in a filename.

[ ]= Can be used to represent a range of values, e.g. [0-9], [A-Z], etc.

| = “Pipe”. Redirect the output of one command into another command.

&& = Command separator as above, but only runs the second command if the first one
finished without errors.

& = Execute a command in the background, and immediately get your shell back.


පහතින් දැක්වෙනු ලබන්නේ හී යොදාගත හැකි විදාන හා එහි ප්*රතිඵල වේ...

pwd = Print Working Directory

cd = Change Directory

cd directory = Change into the specified directory Name.

cd ~ = “~” is an alias for your home directory. It can be used as a shortcut to your “home”, or other directories relative to your home.

cd .. = Move up one directory. For example, if you are in /home/vic and you type “cd ..”, you will end up in /home.

cd - = Return to previous directory. An easy way to get back to your previous location!

ls = List all files in the current directory, in column format.

ls directory = List the files in the specified directory.

ls /usr/bin/d* = List all files whose names begin with the letter “d” in the /usr/bin directory.
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