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I am a ... well let's say advanced user of LINUX and have now 10 happy years of experience with DEBIAN starting from version 5 Sid until the recent 8.2 Jessie.
Before that done 6 years of system administration including a SCO UNIX Server and a couple of Windows Servers and dozens of workstations. The largest system was nearly 100 PC's, devices etc. at 3 locations with LAN and VPN's, Firewall and Phone via landline and VoIP.

I like to experiment and then share the experience. With sharing I may post silly stuff and get corrected - the way to learn something from anybody.

Have fun, insight and maybe share your knowledge with me.
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Software under Linux

Posted 04-22-2012 at 01:14 PM by error_401
Updated 08-27-2016 at 09:02 AM by error_401 (Adding more software)

I have promised a bit about the software I regularely install on my Linux machines. For brevity I give the program name which can be searched for on the internet and for the apt-get users the package name with wich to install as well as a short description why I install this software.

Structure:
Proper Name of Software / apt-get package name / description

Here we go:
SECURITY SOFTWARE
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
Clam Anti Virus / clamav / the clam anti virus base
ClamTK interface / clamtk / the graphical interface for KDE this also installs clamav
Rootkit Hunter / rkhunter / a scanner for rootkits
chkrootkit / chkrootkit / another scanner for rootkits

EDITORS
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
scite / scite / a text editor for programming languages (closest to Notepad++ I think)

TOOLS
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
virtualbox / virtualbox..-. / Virtualbox.org from Oracle a virtualization platform to run other OS's within LINUX. Could also be used the other way round to run LINUX on Windows.
dkms / dkms / an environment required eg. for virtualbox to load kernel modules
nmap / nmap / console network mapping software
zenmap / zenmap / graphical frontend for nmap (installing zenmap installs nmap)
smartmontools / smartmontools / a tool to monitor hard drives with S.M.A.R.T. technology
gsmartcontrol / gmsartcontrol / the GUI for smartmontools
grsync / grsync / a bit of a special synch tool
ddrescue / gddrescue / a tool for data recovery from disks and CD-ROM's
krename / krename / a GUI batch rename tool for KDE
smb4k / smb4k / a SAMBA discovery tool for KDE - discover all SAMBA shares on the networking
cifs utilities / cifs-utils / a set of utility tools for the CIFS file system. complements smb4k
wireshark / wireshark / network monitoring tool
kismet / kismet / wifi network monitor tool - great on details such as channels freq etc.


HARDWARE
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
Some hardware may need specific stuff to run properly. Unfortunately the 8.2 Jessie still has no touchpad control out of the box. To configure touchpads for tapping with 1, 2 or 3 fingers. install
kde-config-touchpad / kde-config-touchpad / a tool to configure touchpads under KDE

In addition when some hardware is not working right away one of the first packages I try is:

firmware-linux-nonfree / firmware-linux-nonfree / a set of hardware drivers from non-free


FTP CLIENTS
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
gftp / gftp / an ftp application with a nice split window to shuffle files back and forth on an ftp server.
filezilla / filezilla another well known ftp client.

BROWSER + PLUGINS (if not installed by OS setup)
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
googleChrome from the google website. Install using "dpkg -i". It will terminate with errors but afterwards just run "apt-get install -f" to fix the missing dependencies. Chrome is nice and complete with flash-player etc. and it runs correct with sound and anything. Until today the most hassle-free browser I'm running.

FlashPlayer for Iceweasel / flashplugin-nonfree / if not installed by setup or if not running.

GRAPHICS
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
inkscape / inkscape / a vector graphics program similar to Adobe Illustrator
dia / dia / a diagram editor I use for to hand draw network topology
openshot / openshot / a simple yet great video editor
kdenlive / kdenlive / a video editor from KDB
gimp-plugin-registry / gimp-plugin-registry / s suite of the most commonly used scripts and additions to the GIMP
scribus / scribus / a DTP (desktop publishing program) nice variant for double sided docs etc.
fontforge / fontforge / a program to forge ones own fonts for ttf or opentype

CAD and 3D MODELLING
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
Blender / blender / download from the blender.org website and unpack into a folder in the user. Runs out of that folder no installation required
freecad / freecad / a free 3D CAD program
librecad / librecad / a free 2D CAD program


GAMES
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
kde-games / kdegames / a suite of nicely designed games such as patience and battlship or mine-sweeper
supertux / supertux / a jump and run game in an icy world with TUX the LINUX penguin

NICE
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
stellarium / stellarium / a planetarium software and nice tool for stargazing on the computer
celestia / celestia / similar to stellarium but with different navigation and features
KStars / kstars / similar to stellarium this is the KDE version of the planetarium program
sykpe / skype / The known VoIP software in it's LINUX flavor (may need install from website using the .deb) and running apt-get install -f afterwards.

OFFICE SOFTWARE
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
sylpheed / sylpheed / an e-mail client without html parsing (means less risk of virus infection by e-mail)

MULTIMEDIA
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
amarok / amarok / media player specifically for sound - great player
VLC / vlc / The VLC player which plays nearly anything (since Debian 8 the standard player)
libdvdcss2 and libdvdread4
linux multi media studio / lmms / a digital sampler and midi program to make music and a bit more



MODIFYING THE sources.list FILE
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
The below entries may have to be added to the /etc/apt/sources.list file in order for some of the above software to be installed.

Code:
deb http://ftp.ch.debian.org/debian/ yourdistro main contrib non-free
deb-src http://ftp.ch.debian.org/debian/ yourdistro main contrib non-free

deb http://security.debian.org/ yourdistro/updates main contrib
deb-src http://security.debian.org/ yourourdistro/updates main contrib

and if you have virtualbox installed.
deb http://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/debian squeeze contrib non-free

and to install libdvdcss2
deb http://download.videolan.org/pub/debian/stable/ /
deb-src http://download.videolan.org/pub/debian/stable/ /
For installtion of the videolan libdvdcss2 and virtualbox software and additions plus the associated keys see below in TIPS AND TRICKS.
Every time you update your sources.list run
Code:
apt-get update
for it to reflect the latest entries and being able to access the new sources.

INSTALLATION TIPS AND TRICKS
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
/etc/apt/sources.list
When installing Debian from CD-ROM it adds an entry to the sources.list such as:

Code:
deb cdrom:[Debian GNU/Linux 6.0.0 _Squeeze_ - Official i386 kde-CD Binary-1 20110205-22:12]/ squeeze main
Whenever trying to update, upgrade or install software it will ask for the CD-ROM. You may delete this entry or simply make it a comment by adding "#" in front. Then apt will no longer consider this entry.

VIRTUALBOX
Install Virtualbox using: apt-get install Virtualbox
Install Extension pack: download packages from website
Install using VirtualBox Manager in global settings - extension packs.
Install using VBoxManage as root or sudo it: VBoxManage extpack install <tarball> (this is a workaround if it fails due to user rights)

TWEAKS AND TRICKS
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
SCITE
Scite may need a tweak to always show all files when using "open file" instead of showing only source files (which is annoying IMHO).

Found on ubuntuforums.org.

Code:
HadroLepton
August 10th, 2007, 07:26 PM
bumping ancient thread. i have been doing some research into this issue and found this thread again.

here is a hack which works and you don't need to sudo. add this line to your ~/.SciTEUser.properties file

source.files=*

it is a hack because now every file is a "source file".
Note: the file is to be found in the /home/user/ and is a hidden file. You can edit it directly by using

Code:
nano ~/.SciTEUser.properties
TWEAKS AND TRICKS
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
DVD Player

Debian does not play all DVD's because of restrictions in the free section. To overcome this limitation you may use the libdvdcss from VLC's player development.

1. - Add the additional videolan.org sources to the sources.list
Code:
deb http://download.videolan.org/pub/debian/stable/ /
deb-src http://download.videolan.org/pub/debian/stable/ /
2. - Add the key
Code:
wget -O - http://download.videolan.org/pub/debian/videolan-apt.asc | sudo apt-key add -
3. - Install libdvdcss via apt-get install
Code:
apt-get install libdvdcss2
Now it should play all dvd's.


source
http://www.videolan.org/developers/libdvdcss.html
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